Unidad 1: Repaso

Meredith W
Mind Map by , created about 2 years ago

based on "Avancemos: Spanish 3" textbook unit 1

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Meredith W
Created by Meredith W about 2 years ago
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Unidad 1: Repaso
1 preterito
1.1 verbos regulares
1.1.1 ar: é, aste, ó, amos, asteis, aron
2 imperfecto
2.1
3 verbos como gustar
3.1 verb ending changes based on object
3.2 emphatic pronouns
3.2.1 a mí me, a tí te, a (el/ella/usted/nombre/etc) le, a nosotros nos, a vosotros vos, a ellos/ellas/etc les
3.3 fascinar: to like a lot
4 comparaciones
4.1 tan + ADJ + como: as adj as

Annotations:

  • tan is for adjecives, tanto(tanta, etc) is for nouns
4.2 (algo) más/menos + adjetivo O sustantivo que/de (algo)
4.3 que v. de
4.4 tanto, tanta: as much as
4.5 tantos, tantas + sustantivo + como: as many as
4.6 irregulars: adjectives that cant go with mas or menos
4.6.1 BUENO → MEJOR (Better, not more good) MALO → PEOR (Worse, not more bad) VIEJO → MAYOR (older) JOVEN → MENOR (younger)
5 ser v estar
5.1 ser
5.1.1 DONT
5.1.1.1 description
5.1.1.2 origin (de)
5.1.1.3 nationality
5.1.1.4 time
5.2 estar
5.2.1 TELL
5.2.1.1 temporary conditions
5.2.1.2 emotions
5.2.1.3 lugares (en)
5.2.1.4 love

Annotations:

  • estar enamorado de... sometimes also death
6 saber v conocer
6.1 saber
6.1.1 know about things (rather than know them personally)/ know facts
6.1.2 know how to do things
6.1.2.1 ex: sé montar en caballo: NO como needed
6.1.3 often followed by a question word
6.2 conocer
6.2.1 to be familiar with things

Annotations:

  • also when know something by heart, memory...
6.2.2 to meet someone for the first time
6.2.3 ** in pret, conocer means to have* met, while in imperfect conocer means to have* been familiar with
6.2.4 NEVER followed by an infinitive
7 presente
7.1 verbos regulares
7.1.1 ar: o, as, a, amos, áis, an
7.1.2 er: o, es, e, emos, éis, en
7.1.3 ir: o, es, e, imos, ís, en
7.2 irregular yo verbs
7.2.1 yo-go verbs

Annotations:

  • regular, but have go instead of o in the yo form
7.2.1.1 tener, hacer, poner, salir
7.2.2 traer is like a yo-go verb, but is yo TRAIGO instead of trago
7.2.3 dar: doy
7.2.4 saber: sé
7.2.5 ver: veo
7.2.6 conocer: conozco
8 vocabulario
9 un poco de futuro?
10 verbos reflexivos

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