C1.2 Limestone And Building Materials

Mind Map by killthemoment, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by killthemoment over 5 years ago


GCSE Chemistry (C1) Mind Map on C1.2 Limestone And Building Materials, created by killthemoment on 07/19/2014.

Resource summary

C1.2 Limestone And Building Materials
1 C1.2.1 Calcium Carbonate
1.1 Limestone is a naturally occurring resource that provides a starting point for the manufacture of cement and concrete.
1.1.1 There are many benefits with using limestone as a building material: it is cheap and easy to quarry; it is a plentiful resource; no special, rare or dangerous chemicals are required to make it into a useful product and limestone can be made into numerous other products. Quarrying creates jobs, provides income to local councils through taxation, good communications are needed for transporting the products of quarrying and so as a result many remote rural areas benefit from improved access. However, habitats are destroyed, valuable agricultural land is taken away, pollution is caused from dust which can lead to problems with health, it is noisy, the landscape is left scarred deterring tourists and limestone is a non-renewable resource. Limestone, mainly composed of the compound calcium carbonate (CaCO3), is broken down by heat to make calcium oxide and carbon dioxide. Calcium oxide reacts with water forming calcium hydroxide; an alkali. A solution of calcium hydroxide in water (limewater) reacts with carbon dioxide to produce calcium carbonate. Limewater is used as a test for carbon dioxide, which turns it cloudy. Carbonates react with acids to produce carbon dioxide, a salt and water. Limestone is damaged by acid rain. Limestone is heated with clay to make cement. Cement is mixed with sand to make mortar and with sand and aggregate to make concrete.
Show full summary Hide full summary


C1 Quiz
Leah Firmstone
Acids and Bases quiz
Derek Cumberbatch
Ionic Bondic Flashcards.
The Periodic Table
Acids, Bases and Salts
Chemistry Module C1: Air Quality
James McConnell
Chemistry Module C2: Material Choices
James McConnell
Chemical Symbols
Crude Oils and others quiz
Dale George
Metallic bonding