GENETICS overview

goconquer r
Mind Map by goconquer r, updated more than 1 year ago
goconquer r
Created by goconquer r over 5 years ago
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General overview of genetics

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GENETICS overview
1 YO MendeL!!!
1.1 By the power vested in me.... I deduce LAWS!!!
1.1.1 Law of independent assortment
1.2 Simple genetics
2 wait...WHAT'S genetics?
2.1 it's all in the genes...
2.1.1 how it's made...
2.1.1.1 meiosis
2.1.1.2 mitosis
2.1.1.3 cell cycle... just when ya think that interphase is gd for nothin'...
2.1.1.4 cell division basically,,, MAHN is this mindmap pretty
2.1.2 DNA & RNA structure
2.1.3 The process...
2.1.3.1 DNA replication
2.1.3.2 DNA to protein
2.1.3.2.1 transcription
2.1.3.2.2 translation
3 Advanced genetics
3.1 beyond mendel
3.1.1 only alleles for a SINGLE gene
3.1.1.1 incomplete dominance
3.1.1.2 co-dominance
3.1.1.3 mutiple alleles
3.1.1.4 pleiotropy
3.1.1.4.1 when 1 gene, can affect many characteristics. like a BAWSE
3.1.2 when TWO or more genes r inv, in det a particular pheno
3.1.2.1 epistasis
3.1.2.2 POLYgenic inheritance
3.1.2.2.1 wen 2/more genes can affect 1 pheno
3.1.2.2.1.1 aka d OPPOSITE of pleiotropy
3.1.2.2.1.2 prod QUANTITATIVE characters. ie MANY/continuous variation
3.1.2.2.1.2.1 eg skin colour. v dark (AABBCC), intermediate (AaBbCc) ,v light (aabbcc) etc..
3.1.2.2.1.2.1.1 cumulative effect like a BOSS
3.2 lethal alleles
3.3 sex-limited & sex influenced inheritance
4 how EXACTLY does the chromosomal basis... TRANSMIT GENES frm parents to offspring?
4.1 linkage recombinatn n mapping
5 "I'm too awesome for the status quo" important EXCEPTIONS... to d STANDARD MODE OF INHERITANCE
5.1 sex determinatn n sex chrom
5.2 when genes rebel...
5.2.1 chromosome mutations (like hot pyro)
5.2.1.1 aneuploidy n polploidy
5.2.2 EXTRACHROMOSOMAL inheritance
5.2.2.1 organelle heredity, & maternal effect
5.2.2.2 MITOchondrial DNA, genomic imprinting & fragile-X syndrome

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