Philosophy Bible Quotes

Mind Map by , created over 6 years ago

R.S. Mind Map on Philosophy Bible Quotes, created by james-mellor on 06/07/2013.

Created by james-mellor over 6 years ago
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Philosophy Bible Quotes
1 The End of Life
1.1 The Concept of the Soul
1.1.1 'So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male female he created them' (Genesis 1:27) It is not clear 'in his own image' actually means. It may mean we are spiritually in the image of God, and it may be our souls that make us like God.
1.1.2 'Then the Lord God formed a man from the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living being.' (Genesis 2:7) The 'breath of life' is said to be God giving the first human a soul.
1.1.3 'If there is a natural body, there is also a spiritual body' (1 Corinthians 15:44) This spiritual body may be the soul and is what is said to go to heaven.
1.1.4 'she took some and ate it' (Genesis 3:6) This was the original sin which caused humans to be born with a lack holiness.
1.1.5 'Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and in this way death came to all people, because all sinned' (Romans 5:12) This is the main reference to the idea of 'original sin' in the Bible.
1.1.6 'Jesus said ‘I am the resurrection and the life. The one who believes in me will live, even though they die; 26 and whoever lives by believing in me will never die.' (John 11:25-26a) Because Jesus died for our sins, everyone's souls are forgiven and can reach heaven.
1.2 Life After Death
1.2.1 ' Listen, I tell you a mystery: we will not all sleep, but we will all be changed – in a flash, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed.' Christians will be suddenly judged by God when they die who is outside of time.
1.2.2 'A rainbow that shone like an emerald encircled the throne. Surrounding the throne were twenty-four other thrones, and seated on them were twenty-four elders. They were dressed in white and had crowns of gold on their heads. From the throne came flashes of lightning, rumblings and peals of thunder. In front of the throne, seven lamps were blazing. These are the seven spirits[a] of God. Also in front of the throne there was what looked like a sea of glass, clear as crystal.' (Revelation 4:3b-6a) A description of heaven.
1.3 Salvation, Redemption and the Suffering of Christ
1.3.1 The Parable of the Sheep (Matthew 25:31-43, 46) is an example of one of Jesus' teachings that suggests that those who care for others will go to heaven, but those who ignore others will go to Hell.
1.3.2 'there is no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus.' (Romans 8:1) Christians believe they will receive salvation and redemption through devotion to Jesus.
1.4 Judgement
1.4.1 A description of the last judgement is Revelation 21:1-2, 4b.
1.4.2 An example of Particular Judgement is the Parable of the Rich Man and Lazarus in Luke 16:19-31.
1.4.3 'But this man has done nothing wrong. Then he said, ‘Jesus, remember me when you come into your kingdom. Jesus answered him, ‘Truly I tell you, today you will be with me in paradise.’ (Luke 23:40-43) This is another example of Particular Judgement and it was what Jesus said on the cross.
1.5 Funeral Rites
1.5.1 'Is anyone among you ill? Let them call the elders of the church to pray over them and anoint them with oil in the name of the Lord. 15 And the prayer offered in faith will make the sick person well; the Lord will raise them up. If they have sinned, they will be forgiven.' (James 5:14-15) The ill person who is close to death will confess their sins so they can go to heaven.
1.5.2 ‘I am the light of the world. Whoever follows me will never walk in darkness, but will have the light of life.’ (John 8:12) Candles are lit during funerals to show that Jesus is the light of the world.
1.5.3 ‘I am the resurrection and the life. The one who believes in me will live, even though they die; 26 and whoever lives by believing in me will never die.' (John 11:25-26) This often opens funeral services.
2 Good and Evil
2.1 God and the Devil
2.1.1 'God saw all that he had made, and it was very good.' (Genesis 1:31a) In the beginning Christians believe that all God created was good.
2.2 The Devil (Satan)
2.2.1 'I saw Satan fall like lightning from heaven' (Luke 10:18) This is a reference in the Bible to the story found in other religious texts that Lucifer was an archangel who God threw out of heaven.
2.2.2 'The great dragon was hurled down – that ancient snake called the devil, or Satan, who leads the whole world astray.' (Revelation 12:9) This is another reference to Satan
2.2.3 'Jesus was driving out a demon that was mute.' (Luke 11:14)
2.3 The Fall, Original Sin and Redemption
2.3.1 'Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and in this way death came to all people, because all sinned' (Romans 5:12) One of the few references to the idea of original sin in the Bible.
2.4 Coping with Suffering
2.4.1 'When Jesus saw their faith, he said to the man, ‘Take heart, son; your sins are forgiven.’ Then the man got up and went home.' (Matthew 9:1-8) This suggests, as people at the time of the NT believed, that illness is a punishment for sins.
2.5 Sources and Reasons for Moral Behaviour
2.5.1 The Bible 'So in everything, do to others what you would have them do to you' (Matthew 7:12) This is still applicable today. 'women should remain silent in the churches.' (1 Corinthians 14:34-35) or 'I do not permit a woman to teach or have authority over a man' (1 Timothy 2:12-14) This would seem unacceptable to many people nowadays.
2.5.2 Faith in Christ 'Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing.' (Luke 23:34) 'Consequently, just as one trespass resulted in condemnation for all people, so also one righteous act resulted in justification and life for all people.' Jesus' sacrifice cancelled out Adam's original sin. 'this is my body' ... 'this is my blood of the covenant' When Christians go through the Eucharist service they are celebrating bringing Jesus back into their lives. Jesus was particularly concerned with those who were outcasts from society, one example of this is found in Luke 8:26-32.
3 Religion and Science
3.1 Origins of the World and Humanity
3.1.1 'In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters. And God said, ‘Let there be light,’ and there was light.' (Genesis 1:1-3) This is how many Christians believe the world began.
3.1.2 'And God said, ‘Let the land produce living creatures according to their kinds: the livestock, the creatures that move along the ground, and the wild animals, each according to its kind.’ And it was so.' (Genesis 1:24) This shows God planned his creation.
3.1.3 'Then God said, ‘Let us make mankind in our image, in our likeness, so that they may rule over the fish in the sea and the birds in the sky, over the livestock and all the wild animals,[a] and over all the creatures that move along the ground.' (Genesis 1:26) God created man and gave them the power to rule over the world.
3.1.4 The second account of creation in Genesis 2 is of the heavens and the Earth were created.
3.2 People and Animals
3.2.1 'Rule over the fish in the sea and the birds in the sky and over every living creature that moves on the ground.’ (Genesis 1:28b)
3.2.2 'He brought them to the man to see what he would name them; and whatever the man called each living creature, that was its name. So the man gave names to all the livestock, the birds in the sky and all the wild animals.'
3.2.3 'So God created mankind in his own image, in the image of God he created them; male and female he created them.' Humans were made in the image of God however animals were created in the same way as plants suggesting humans are superior.
3.2.4 'the Lord God formed the man from the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life' (Genesis 2:7) This is often interpreted as God giving humans a soul, however he does not do this for animals.
3.2.5 'Then God said, ‘I give you every seed-bearing plant on the face of the whole earth and every tree that has fruit with seed in it. They will be yours for food.' (Genesis 1:29) These are God's original instructions about what humans should eat.
3.2.6 'Everything that lives and moves about will be food for you. Just as I gave you the green plants, I now give you everything.' (Genesis 9:3) God now allows Christians to eat all living animals as well.
3.3 Environmental Issues
3.3.1 ‘Be fruitful and increase in number; fill the earth and subdue it. Rule over the fish in the sea and the birds in the sky and over every living creature that moves on the ground.’ (Genesis 1:28b) Humans were intended to act as stewards and protect the creation.
3.3.2 'The earth is the Lord's, and all that is in it, the world, and those who live in it This emphasizes the idea of stewardship.
3.3.3 Luke 12:22-31 is a good example of Christians showing respect to the environment.
4 Beliefs About Deity
4.1 Is God Male or Female?
4.1.1 'Then the man and his wife heard the sound of the Lord God as he was walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and they hid from the Lord God among the trees of the garden.' (Genesis 3:8) This is the only time God appears physically and is described as a 'he'.
4.1.2 'No one has ever seen God' (John 4:12) Therefore we cannot know his gender
4.1.3 'You cannot see my face, for no one can see me and live' (Exodus 33:20b) Again, this makes it impossible to know his gender.
4.1.4 'God is spirit, and his worshippers must worship in spirit and in truth' (John 4:24) God is a spirit and so does not have a gender.
4.1.5 'All things have been committed to me by my Father' (Matthew 11:27) Jesus referred to God as his Father suggesting he is male.
4.1.6 'As a mother comforts her child, so I will comfort you' (Isaiah 66:13a) This shows a feminine aspect of God
4.1.7 ‘Let us make mankind in our image' (Genesis 1:26) This suggests both men and women were formed in the image of God, so it has no reference to physical likeness, so God does not have the body of either a man or a woman.
4.2 Arguments for the Existence of God
4.2.1 The Cosmological Argument - Original Cause 'In the beginning God created the heavens and the Earth' (Genesis 1:1)
4.2.2 Argument from Experience Like when Saul was on the road to Damascus and heard a voice which said 'I am Jesus' (Acts 9:3-19)
4.3 Beliefs About Jesus
4.3.1 'love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you' (Matthew 5:44) His parables, miracles and actions taught Christians how to live.
4.3.2 'Jesus went through all the towns and villages, teaching in their synagogues, proclaiming the good news of the kingdom and healing every disease and illness.' (Matthew 9:35) Jesus heals the sick.
4.4 Beliefs About the Holy Spirit
4.4.1 'When the day of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place. Suddenly a sound like the blowing of a violent wind came from heaven and filled the whole house where they were sitting. They saw what seemed to be tongues of fire that separated and came to rest on each of them. All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit enabled them.' (Acts 2:1-4) The first appearance of the Holy Spirit
4.4.2 'But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, forbearance, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, 23 gentleness and self-control.' (Galatians 5:22-23a) The Holy Spirit helps to spread love in the World.
4.5 Miracles
4.5.1 'I lay down my life – only to take it up again. No one takes it from me, but I lay it down of my own accord. I have authority to lay it down and authority to take it up again.' (John 10:17b-18a) The most famous miracle, Jesus' resurrection is major part of Christian beliefs.
4.5.2 'He got up, rebuked the wind and said to the waves, ‘Quiet! Be still!’ Then the wind died down and it was completely calm.' (Mark 4:39) An example of a miracle performed by Jesus, he had the power to calm a storm.
4.5.3 It was also miraculous that Mary gave birth to Jesus when she was a virgin.

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