Body Systems

the_jake12
Mind Map by the_jake12, updated more than 1 year ago
the_jake12
Created by the_jake12 over 7 years ago
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Med Tech Mind Map on Body Systems, created by the_jake12 on 06/11/2013.
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Resource summary

Body Systems
1 Respiratory - supplies blood with oxygen
1.1 Diaphragm - contracts and relaxes to open and close lungs
1.2 Lungs - container for air
1.2.1 Contains bronchi, bronchioles, and alvioli
1.3 Trachea - passage that leads from mouth/nose to lungs
2 Circulatory - circulates blood through body
2.1 Veins - carry oxygen poor blood back to heart
2.2 Arteries - carry oxygen rich blood away from the heart
2.3 Capillaries - perform gas exchange between blood and tissue
2.4 Heart - pump that circulates blood through the body
3 Skeletal - provides structure, protection for organs, and stores calcium
3.1 Five shapes of bones
3.1.1 Long bones
3.1.2 Short bones
3.1.3 Flat bones
3.1.4 Irregular bones
3.1.5 Sesamoid bones
4 Nervous - internal communication system using electrical signals
4.1 Neurons
4.1.1 Sensory - signals from outside stmuli
4.1.2 Motor - takes brain info and turns it into muscle movement
4.2 Central nervous system - body's main processing unit - brain and spinal cord
4.3 Peripheral nervous system - muscles, internal organs, glands
5 Endocrine - glandular system that releases hormones for important bodily functions
5.1 Pituitary gland - in charge of many important hormones, including growth
5.2 Thyroid - controls metabolism
5.3 Adrenal glands - regulate blood sugar and burning of proteins
5.4 Testes - produce testosterone
5.5 Ovaries - produce estrogen
6 Sensory - senses the outer environment
6.1 Sight - eyes
6.2 Sound - ears
6.3 Smell - nose
6.4 Taste - tongue
6.5 Touch - nerves
6.5.1 Nerves are present on almost every part of the body, and can sense pressure, temperature, and pain
6.6 Sensory receptors send signal to brain which interprets the senses
7 Digestive - breaks down food for nutrients for the body, then excretes the waste
7.1 Esophagus - pushes food into stomach
7.2 Stomach - sack that food sits in to be broken down by acids
7.3 Jaws - physically breaks down food by chewing
7.4 Pancreas - secretes bile to break down fats
7.5 Small intestine - absorbs nutrients from food
7.6 Large intestine - where stool is stored before excretion
7.7 Anus - where stool exits the body
8 Urinary - removes liquid waste from blood
8.1 Bladder - sack that stores urine
8.2 Kidneys - filter the blood
8.3 Urethra - carries urine outside of the body
8.4 Ureters - carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder
9 Integumentary - protects body from surroundings
9.1 Epidermis - top layer of skin, protects and waterproofs
9.2 Dermis - second layer, contains nerves and blood vessels
9.3 Hypodermis - bottom layer of skin
10 Lymphatic/immune - removes pathogens from blood, produces white blood cells
10.1 Lymph - removes wastes between cells and destroys harmful bacteria and pathogens present in tissue
10.2 Lymphatic vessels - transports lymph
10.3 Lymph nodes - stores immunity cells and traps pathogens
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