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Bone Tissue 7.1 - 7.2

Description

Anatomy & Physiology: The Unity of Form and Function, 7/e By Kenneth S. Saladin CH 7 - BONE TISSUE Section 7.1 Tissues and Organs of the Skeletal System Section 7.2 Histology of Bone Tissue
Steph Bolin
Mind Map by Steph Bolin, updated more than 1 year ago
Steph Bolin
Created by Steph Bolin over 4 years ago
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Resource summary

Bone Tissue 7.1 - 7.2
  1. basic functions
    1. support protection movement
      1. electrolyte balance
        1. acid base balance
          1. hemopoeisis (blood formation)
      2. bone shape classifications
        1. short bone
          1. long bone
            1. flat bone
              1. irregular bone
                1. suture
                  1. outer compact bone
                    1. spongy bone (diploe)
                      1. inner compact bone
                2. Epiphysis= two knobby ends
                  1. diaphysis= middle
              2. pics
              3. tissues & organs
                1. bone coverings
                  1. periosteum (outer covering)
                    1. outer fibrous layer
                      1. inner osteogenic layer
                    2. endosteum (inner lining)
                      1. like osteogenic
                    3. compact vs. spongy
                      1. pics
                      2. development
                        1. 1) osteogenic cell (bone stem cell)
                          1. 2) osteoblast (lays down osteoiod)
                            1. 3) osteocyte (mature bone cell in a lacuna w/ projections in canaliculi)
                          2. osteoclasts= specialized cell on bone surface for remodelling
                            1. formed from stem cells in bone marrow
                          3. bone matrix
                            1. organic (1/3)
                              1. collagen + protein carb complex
                              2. inorganic (2/3)
                                1. 85% hydroxyapatite 10% Ca CO3
                                2. reinforced concrete, fiberglass, & bone
                                  1. bone experiments
                                    1. soaked in acid = breaking down mineral comp
                                      1. flexible & rubbery
                                      2. baked in oven= denatured proteins
                                        1. brittle & broken
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