The year 1968 was very important for the
metropolitan cathedral because it was
declared as a national monument.
Its patron is the ‘’Virgen de la Asuncion’’,
and the fair its celebrated on August
The cathedral attracts lots of people
because the eucharist is celebrated by
the metropolitan archbishop.
Inside, there is the archdiocesan
museum that has lots of
pieces of art that tells the
history of Guatemala.
It is made of stone, bricks,
and a mixture of cal, sand
and cow's milk.
It has resisted many earthquakes because of
its 1 meter thick walls, and many important
events like independence and a revolution.
The organ (music instrument) that is in
there, were only built 32 of them, and
now in the actuality only are 2 left in all the
world, one of them is in the cathedral.
During the foundations of the Cathedral of Guatemala,
several pieces of art of the history of the country and the
current structure have been collected way before the
inauguration of the cathedral was made. These forms a
large part of the place and it is one of the most interesting
things for the tourist that come to Guatemala and the fans
for painting and the sculptures, that the majority are part
of the religious art.
Important moments and works for the Cathedral’s art
includes the elaboration of the lateral altarpieces for
the saints in 1852
The installation of the new High Altar in
1860, being a gift made of marble by don
Antonio de Larrazabal
In 1862, the construction of the towers and the finishing of the doorway
began thanks to the architects Andrés Pedretti and Juan Tonel and using
stone from the quarry of the Naranjo estate, a work that took 5 years to
For last in 1865 the new Archbishop Bernado Piñol y Aycinena consecrated the
great bell, known as La Chepona because it was dedicated to Saith Joseph,
placed correctly for the inauguration of the Cathedral in 1872.
The catacombs started as black water corridors, because during the
colonial times, the private and the public pools were always full and that
system needs underground space to keep black water. The corridors are
really big, because the people in charge of cleaning the catacombs must
fit in it. That's why some cities have tunnels in some buildings.
The crypts of the Cathedral commonly called catacombs are a Christian cemetery, where
archbishops, bishops and other people of the Catholic Church. You can find in it some
ex-presidents of Guatemala that are Rafael Carrera and José Maria Reyna Barrios.
Actually the Cathedral gives some tours in the catacombs, because
of the Catholic people that are buried in there. It is a really solemn
place and it is really important for the Catholic Church.
The first cathedral built on Almolonga's Valley was
destroyed 2 years after it was constructed
because of a landslide (1539- 1541)
The second one was demolished because the
infrastructure was in very bad. conditions to keep
The third one was built while the second one was
demolished. After the earthquakes from 1717, 1751 and 1773,
it was decided to move the cathedral to another place.
The actual cathedral started to be built on 1782. The inauguration was
on 1815. After a long time,, in 1917 an earthquake broke the dome was
destroyed and the reconstruction finished in 1924
The last earthquake was on 1976 but
the cathedral wasn't affected to much
by this one.