Contributions of the Qin amd Han Dynasties

vagara97
Mind Map by vagara97, updated more than 1 year ago
vagara97
Created by vagara97 about 6 years ago
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Mind Map on Contributions of the Qin amd Han Dynasties, created by vagara97 on 10/06/2014.

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Contributions of the Qin amd Han Dynasties
1 Qin Dynasty (221 - 206 B.C.)
1.1 Qin was a state that fought and ignored the authority of the Zhou kings. It defeated the chied rivals and declared the creation of a new dynasty.
1.1.1 The ruler of Qin was Qin Shihuangdi (the 1st Qin Emperor). he was ambitious and came to thonre when he was 13years old.
1.2 Legalism was adopted as the regime's (government in power) official ideology. People who opposed, were punished.
1.2.1 This dynasty made important administrative and political changes, being a model for future dynasties.They ruled a highly centralized state. The bureaucracy was divided into three parts: civil division, military division and the censorate (had inspectors who checked on government officials to make sure they were doing their job.) It became a standard procedure.
1.2.1.1 Below the central government were the administration, divided into provinces and countries. They did not iherited their positions.
1.2.1.1.1 Qin Shinhuangdi unified China. Creating a single monetary system and ordering the building of system roads. All of them led out from its capital city Xianyang. He was also equally aggressive in foreign affairs. He supplied his armies using a canal dug.
1.2.1.1.1.1 The Qin emperor major foreign concern was people from the Gobi. Being afraid of their great power and horse back riding activities made Chinese states in the area to began building walls to keep the Xiongnu (nomads) out. This project was called the Great Wall of China. The ones built during the Qin's dynasty disappeared long ago.
2 The Han Empire (202 B.C. - A.D 220)
2.1 The founder of the Han Dynasty was Liu Bang, a man of peasant origin who became known by his tittle of Han Gaozu (Exalted Emperor)
2.1.1 The first Han emperor discarded the harsh policies of the Qin dynasty. Their Philosophy were Confucian and Legalism. They divided the empire into provinces and counties. Han dynasty introduced the civil service examination and established a school to train these candidates. Students were expected to learn the teachings of Confucius.
2.1.1.1 Han Wudi expand the Chinese Empire, added the southern regions below the Chang Jiang into the empire. South China Sea became part of the empire. Han Wudi also had to deal with Xiongnu, the nomads beyond the Great Wall to the north.
2.1.1.1.1 The Han period was one of great prosperity. Farmers had many demands one of them was military service and forced labor of up to one month per year. Poor peasants were forced to cell their land and become tenant farmers. Lands were held by powerful landed aristocrats.
2.1.1.1.1.1 New technology started such as textile manufacturing, water mills for grinding grain and iron casting. With the invention of the rudder and fore-and-draft rigging, ships could sail into the wind for the first time. Chinese ships carrying heavy cargoes to travel thought the Indian Ocean.
2.1.1.1.1.1.1 Paper with writing on it dates from around A.D 100. The Chinese has figured out how to make paper of better quality. They made it with linen rags were soaked in water, they were mixed with potash and mashed into a pulp. A frame with a freshed bamboo mesh was lowered into this vat pulp. Any extra water was removed before the sheets of paper were hung up to dry
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