UNIVERSE

Escolapios Albacete
Mind Map by Escolapios Albacete, updated more than 1 year ago
Escolapios Albacete
Created by Escolapios Albacete over 5 years ago
152
1

Description

Universe. Mindmap
Tags

Resource summary

UNIVERSE
1 THEORIES
1.1 Geocentric

Annotations:

  • The Earth is at the centre of the Universe. Aristotle Claudius Ptolemy
1.2 Heliocentric

Annotations:

  • The Sun is at the centre of the Universe. Copernicus Galileo Kepler
2 Distances
2.1 Astronomical Unit

Annotations:

  • AU: is equal to the distance between the Earth and the Sun. 150 000 000 km. Distances between planets are expresed in UA
2.2 Light-year

Annotations:

  • ly: is the distance that light travels in a year. Galactic dimensions are expresed in ly.
3 Formed by...
3.1 GALAXIES

Annotations:

  • Groups of stars, interstellar gas and dust. Contain trillions of stars. Form groups of galaxy clusters.
3.1.1 Local Group

Annotations:

  • Our galaxy, the Milky Way, is in the Local Group
3.1.2 Contains...
3.1.2.1 Nebulae

Annotations:

  • Large clouds of dust and gas (hydrogen and helium). in outer space.
3.1.2.2 Star Clusters

Annotations:

  • Composed of lots of stars that are very close to each other.
3.1.3 Milky Way

Annotations:

  • Contains hundred of billions of stars, including the sun. Diameter: 1000 000 yl
3.1.3.1 Nucleus

Annotations:

  • Central bulge Old stars
3.1.3.2 Disk

Annotations:

  • Spiral arms. Youngest stars Our Sun is in the Orion Arm
3.1.3.3 Halo

Annotations:

  • Composed  of isolated stars and globular clusters
3.2 STARS

Annotations:

  • Hydrogen and helium Nuclear Fusion
3.2.1 The Sun

Annotations:

  • Diameter: 1 400 000 75% hydrogen 25% helium Surface 5500ºC Nucleus 15 000 000ºC Rotation anticlockwise 25/30 days
3.2.1.1 Solar System
3.2.1.1.1 Components
3.2.1.1.1.1 Sun

Annotations:

  • Medium-Sized star  G-Type Emits light
3.2.1.1.1.2 Planets
3.2.1.1.1.2.1 Features
3.2.1.1.1.2.1.1 Mercury

Annotations:

  • Closet planet  to the Sun Craters Slow rotation (59 Earth days) Doesn't have an atmosphere Temperatures vary widely No satellites Your weight 0.37 ...
3.2.1.1.1.2.1.2 Venus

Annotations:

  • =density and size than Earth Atmosphere: CO2, clouds of suphuric acid Highest surface temperature in the solar system. 1 day last more than a Earth year. No satellites. Your weight: 0.88 ...
3.2.1.1.1.2.1.3 Earth

Annotations:

  • diameter
3.2.1.1.1.2.1.3.1 Movements
3.2.1.1.1.2.1.3.1.1 Revolution
3.2.1.1.1.2.1.3.1.2 Rotation
3.2.1.1.1.2.1.3.2 The Moon
3.2.1.1.1.2.1.3.2.1 Lunar Phases
3.2.1.1.1.2.1.3.2.2 Tides
3.2.1.1.1.2.1.3.2.3 Eclipses
3.2.1.1.1.2.1.3.2.3.1 Solar
3.2.1.1.1.2.1.3.2.3.2 Lunar
3.2.1.1.1.2.1.3.3 Tides
3.2.1.1.1.2.1.4 Mars
3.2.1.1.1.2.1.5 Jupiter
3.2.1.1.1.2.1.6 Saturn
3.2.1.1.1.2.1.7 Uranus
3.2.1.1.1.2.1.8 Neptune
3.2.1.1.1.3 Dwarf Planets
3.2.1.1.1.3.1 Features
3.2.1.1.1.3.1.1 Pluto

Annotations:

  • Smaller than the Moon Three satellites (Charon) Your weight: 00.6 times your weight on Earth
3.2.1.1.1.3.1.2 Ceres

Annotations:

  • Smallest dwarf planet In the asteroid belt Your weight 0.027 ...
3.2.1.1.1.3.1.3 Eris

Annotations:

  • Bigger than Pluto Discovered in 2005 The farthest away
3.2.1.1.1.4 Satellites
3.2.1.1.1.5 Comets

Annotations:

  • Rocks, ice and dust
3.2.1.1.1.5.1 Kuiper Belt

Annotations:

  • Short period comets. Halley's comet
3.2.1.1.1.5.2 Oort Cloud

Annotations:

  • Long period comets
3.2.1.1.2 Features

Annotations:

  • The orbit of all planets around the Sun (except Pluto)is on the same plane. Year. anticlockwise translation Day: anticlockwise rotation (except Venus and Uranus)
3.2.2 Properties
3.2.2.1 Brightness

Annotations:

  • Depends on: distance energy released size
3.2.2.2 Colour

Annotations:

  • depends on the surface temperature
Show full summary Hide full summary

Similar

The Earth in the Universe
gomezolvega007
"NATURAL RESOURCES"
tania garcia
ENVIRONMENT
claudiafb98
UNIT 1 SOCIAL: MAPS AND GLOBES
Cristina López Serrano
Earth, an inhabited planet
Escolapios Albacete
PLANETA TIERRA
Blanca Francisco
Presentation #2
mimigo92
UNIVERSE-THE BIG 6 QUESTIONS
Susana Herrero
Hadean
Diego Puente