UNIVERSE

Escolapios Albacete
Mind Map by Escolapios Albacete, updated 10 months ago
Escolapios Albacete
Created by Escolapios Albacete over 6 years ago
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Description

Universe. Mindmap

Resource summary

UNIVERSE
  1. THEORIES
    1. Geocentric

      Annotations:

      • The Earth is at the centre of the Universe. Aristotle Claudius Ptolemy
      1. Heliocentric

        Annotations:

        • The Sun is at the centre of the Universe. Copernicus Galileo Kepler
      2. Distances
        1. Astronomical Unit

          Annotations:

          • AU: is equal to the distance between the Earth and the Sun. 150 000 000 km. Distances between planets are expresed in UA
          1. Light-year

            Annotations:

            • ly: is the distance that light travels in a year. Galactic dimensions are expresed in ly.
            1. Parsec

              Annotations:

              • 3,26 años luz
            2. Formed by...
              1. GALAXIES

                Annotations:

                • Groups of stars, interstellar gas and dust. Contain trillions of stars. Form groups of galaxy clusters.
                1. Local Group

                  Annotations:

                  • Our galaxy, the Milky Way, is in the Local Group
                  1. Contains...
                    1. Nebulae

                      Annotations:

                      • Large clouds of dust and gas (hydrogen and helium). in outer space.
                      1. Star Clusters

                        Annotations:

                        • Composed of lots of stars that are very close to each other.
                      2. Milky Way

                        Annotations:

                        • Contains hundred of billions of stars, including the sun. Diameter: 1000 000 yl
                        1. Nucleus

                          Annotations:

                          • Central bulge Old stars
                          1. Disk

                            Annotations:

                            • Spiral arms. Youngest stars Our Sun is in the Orion Arm
                            1. Halo

                              Annotations:

                              • Composed  of isolated stars and globular clusters
                          2. STARS

                            Annotations:

                            • Hydrogen and helium Nuclear Fusion
                            1. The Sun

                              Annotations:

                              • Diameter: 1 400 000 75% hydrogen 25% helium Surface 5500ºC Nucleus 15 000 000ºC Rotation anticlockwise 25/30 days
                              1. Solar System
                                1. Components
                                  1. Sun

                                    Annotations:

                                    • Medium-Sized star  G-Type Emits light
                                    1. Planets
                                      1. Features
                                        1. Mercury

                                          Annotations:

                                          • Closet planet  to the Sun Craters Slow rotation (59 Earth days) Doesn't have an atmosphere Temperatures vary widely No satellites Your weight 0.37 ...
                                          1. Venus

                                            Annotations:

                                            • =density and size than Earth Atmosphere: CO2, clouds of suphuric acid Highest surface temperature in the solar system. 1 day last more than a Earth year. No satellites. Your weight: 0.88 ...
                                            1. Earth

                                              Annotations:

                                              • diameter
                                              1. Movements
                                                1. Revolution
                                                  1. Rotation
                                                  2. The Moon
                                                    1. Lunar Phases
                                                      1. Eclipses
                                                        1. Solar
                                                          1. Lunar
                                                          2. Tides
                                                        2. Mars
                                                          1. Jupiter
                                                            1. Saturn
                                                              1. Uranus
                                                                1. Neptune
                                                              2. Dwarf Planets
                                                                1. Features
                                                                  1. Pluto

                                                                    Annotations:

                                                                    • Smaller than the Moon Three satellites (Charon) Your weight: 00.6 times your weight on Earth
                                                                    1. Ceres

                                                                      Annotations:

                                                                      • Smallest dwarf planet In the asteroid belt Your weight 0.027 ...
                                                                      1. Eris

                                                                        Annotations:

                                                                        • Bigger than Pluto Discovered in 2005 The farthest away
                                                                    2. Satellites
                                                                      1. Comets

                                                                        Annotations:

                                                                        • Rocks, ice and dust
                                                                        1. Kuiper Belt

                                                                          Annotations:

                                                                          • Short period comets. Halley's comet
                                                                          1. Oort Cloud

                                                                            Annotations:

                                                                            • Long period comets
                                                                        2. Features

                                                                          Annotations:

                                                                          • The orbit of all planets around the Sun (except Pluto)is on the same plane. Year. anticlockwise translation Day: anticlockwise rotation (except Venus and Uranus)
                                                                      2. Properties
                                                                        1. Brightness

                                                                          Annotations:

                                                                          • Depends on: distance energy released size
                                                                          1. Colour

                                                                            Annotations:

                                                                            • depends on the surface temperature
                                                                        2. NEBULOSAS
                                                                          1. CÚMULOS ESTELARES

                                                                            Annotations:

                                                                            • -Abiertos -Globulares
                                                                          2. FUERZA DE LA GRAVEDAD
                                                                            1. FÓRMULA
                                                                              1. PESO
                                                                                1. MOVIMIENTO ORBITAL
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