Multiple sclerosis

eveline Padilha
Mind Map by eveline Padilha, updated more than 1 year ago
eveline Padilha
Created by eveline Padilha almost 2 years ago
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Mind Map on Multiple sclerosis, created by eveline Padilha on 08/16/2018.
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Resource summary

Multiple sclerosis
1 definition and neuropathology

Annotations:

  • MS is a complex auto‐immune based progressive  neurological disorder with both inflammatory AND  neurodegenerative pathologies
1.1 Demyelination

Annotations:

  • Diseases relapse: The T-cells attack the myelin sheets of the Axons.  Deseases  
1.1.1 T-cells
1.2 axon destruction
1.2.1 Axonal transection
1.2.1.1 MS lesions

Annotations:

  • Lesions are not necessary 1:1, it means that not always a damage at X area of the brain will cause an effect due to the plasticity of your brains 
1.2.1.1.1 cognitive reserve
2 prevalence and demographic
2.1 20 to early 30s
2.2 prevalent females
2.3 distante from the ecuador line

Annotations:

  • if a person moves from one area to another before their 15's they assume the risk of that area
3 risk factors
3.1 immunological
3.2 environmental
3.3 infectious
3.3.1 Epstein-barr
3.4 genetic
3.4.1 vikings Disease
3.4.2 sibling
3.5 smoking
4 Symptomology
4.1 EDSS

Annotations:

  • no cognitive criteria :(
4.2 McDonald Criteria
4.3 Relapse

Annotations:

  • Exacerbation, bout, attack, flare-up or episode
4.3.1 fatigue
4.3.2 balance
4.3.3 eyesight
4.3.3.1 optic neuritis
4.3.3.1.1 organising visual info
4.3.3.1.1.1 seeing relationships between objects
4.3.4 bladder
4.3.5 memory & thinking
4.4 social cognition

Annotations:

  • critical periodeof 30min after the information was processed 
4.4.1 pseudobular affect
4.4.2 emotion recognition

Annotations:

  • impaired fear and anger
4.4.3 theory of mind

Annotations:

  • ability to see another's perspective
4.4.4 inappropriate behavior
4.4.5 depression
4.4.6 fatigue
5 Effects on everyday functions
5.1 Processing Speed

Annotations:

  • Affects important things like executive function, memory, due to loss of myelin
5.2 attention
5.3 working memory

Annotations:

  • be able to manipulate and maintain information in the mind .   relax/remining is less likely to have difficulties  Secondary is the most likely  
5.3.1 prospective memory
5.3.1.1 long-term memory
5.4 executive abilities
5.4.1 disorganisation
5.4.1.1 problem solving
5.4.1.1.1 sticky thinking
5.5 depression
5.5.1 fatigue
5.5.1.1 anxiety
6 Types
6.1 Female
6.2 most aggressive
6.3 male
6.4 beginning states
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