MORPHOLOGY

Jennifer Miranda
Mind Map by Jennifer Miranda , updated more than 1 year ago
Jennifer Miranda
Created by Jennifer Miranda about 2 years ago
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4TO "C"
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MORPHOLOGY
1 Words with predictable meaning
1.1 Have meaning that can be predictable
1.1.1 ONOMATOPEIC WORDS
1.1.1.1 Sounds seem to reflect their meaning
1.1.1.1.1 Bow wow: Guau guau / Cood a doodle doo: Kikiriki
1.1.1.2 Depends on the language and the culture
1.1.1.2.1 Sounds are perceived in a different ways
2 Non-words with unpredictable meaning
2.1 A basic building block of a syntax
2.1.1 Native speakers understand the meaning of some words without the need of translating word by word
2.2 IDIOMS
2.2.1 It is a group of words
2.2.1.1 Verb
2.2.1.1.1 Kicked the bucked (died)
2.2.1.2 Noun
2.2.1.2.1 Dark House
2.2.1.3 Expresion
2.2.1.3.1 Rain Cats and dogs ( raining a lot)
2.2.1.4 Phrases
2.2.1.4.1 White wine White coffe White noise
2.2.1.5 Proverbs
2.2.1.5.1 It is a traditional saying
2.2.1.5.1.1 It is not use crying over spilt milk
3 It is a minimal unit of meaning
3.1 BOUND MORPHEMES
3.1.1 Morphemes cannot be used by themselves
3.1.1.1 AFFIXES
3.1.1.1.1 Morphemes that can be added to the front, middle or end of the word
3.1.1.1.1.1 DERIVATIONAL MORPHEMES
3.1.1.1.1.1.1 They build new words
3.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 PREFIXES
3.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Go to the begining of the word
3.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Pre Re Dis
3.1.1.1.1.1.1.2 SUFFIXES
3.1.1.1.1.1.1.2.1 Go to the end of the word
3.1.1.1.1.1.1.2.1.1 An Al Ize Ly
3.1.1.1.1.1.1.3 INFIXES
3.1.1.1.1.1.1.3.1 Go in the middle of the word
3.1.1.1.1.1.1.3.1.1 "S"
3.1.1.1.1.1.1.3.1.1.1 cupSful spoonSful
3.1.1.1.1.1.1.4 CIRCUNFIXES
3.1.1.1.1.1.1.4.1 Go to the begining or the end of a word
3.1.1.1.1.1.1.4.1.1 KEadilAN
3.1.1.1.1.1.1.5 SIMULFIX
3.1.1.1.1.1.1.5.1 Replaces one or more phonemes in the root
3.1.1.1.1.1.1.5.1.1 Man: Men Tooth: Teeth Eat: Ate
3.1.1.1.1.1.1.6 SUPRAFIX
3.1.1.1.1.1.1.6.1 Overlap on one or more syllables in the root
3.1.1.1.1.1.1.6.1.1 Stress in the word
3.1.1.1.1.1.1.6.1.1.1 Produce - Pro'duce
3.1.1.1.1.2 INFLECTIONAL MORPHEMES
3.1.1.1.1.2.1 They build new forms of a word
3.1.1.1.1.2.1.1 Dog +s
3.1.1.1.1.2.1.2 work+ed
3.1.1.2 BOUND ROOTS
3.1.1.2.1 Roots that cannot be used by themselves
3.1.1.2.1.1 Ceive
3.1.1.2.1.1.1 Receive Deceive
3.2 FREE MORPHEMES
3.2.1 Morphemes that can be used by themselves
3.2.1.1 OPEN CLASS CONTENT WORDS
3.2.1.1.1 Clear lexical meaning
3.2.1.1.1.1 Nouns Verbs Adjectives Adverbs
3.2.1.1.1.1.1 Girl Fish Tree Love
3.2.1.2 CLOSED CLASS FUNTION WORDS
3.2.1.2.1 Do not have clear lexical meaning
3.2.1.2.1.1 Conjunctions Articles Prepositions Pronouns
3.2.1.2.1.1.1 The For It
4 ROOTS AND LEXICAL CATEGORIES
4.1 COMPLEX WORDS
4.1.1 Consist of a root morpheme and one or more affices
4.2 ROOTS
4.2.1 Constitutes the core of the word and carries the major component of its meaning
5 SIMPLE AND COMPLEX WORDS
5.1 SIMPLE WORD
5.1.1 Contain only a single morpheme
5.1.1.1 Green Key
5.2 COMPLEX WORDS
5.2.1 Contain one or more morphemes
5.2.1.1 Greenhouse Keyboard
6 COMBINIG FORMS
6.1 Are similar to prefixes
6.1.1 Chameleon prefixes
6.1.1.1 Is intrinsic to the word
6.1.1.1.1 Com - COMprise con - CONnote
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