Human Nutrition

9arush
Mind Map by , created about 6 years ago

GCSE Biology (Human Nutrition) Mind Map on Human Nutrition, created by 9arush on 08/07/2013.

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9arush
Created by 9arush about 6 years ago
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Human Nutrition
1 Nutrition
1.1 Taking in of nutrients
2 Organic
2.1 contains Carbon
3 Types of Nutrients
3.1 Fat
3.1.1 reserve energy stores/insulation
3.1.1.1 oil/butter/cream/fish
3.1.2 Made of 2 kinds of smaller molecules
3.1.2.1 3 key elements
3.1.2.1.1 Oxygen
3.1.2.1.2 Hydrogen
3.1.2.1.3 Carbon
3.1.2.2 Fatty acids & Glycerol
3.2 Protein
3.2.1 muscle/tissue building & repair
3.2.2 Large molecule made of amino acid
3.2.3 contains 5 elements
3.2.3.1 Carbon
3.2.3.2 Hydrogen
3.2.3.3 Oxygen
3.2.3.4 Nitrogen
3.2.3.5 Sulphur
3.3 Carbohydrate
3.3.1 Our main source of energy
3.3.1.1 Bread/pasta/sweets
3.3.2 Contains 3 key elements
3.3.2.1 Carbon
3.3.2.2 Hydrogen
3.3.2.3 Oxygen
3.3.3 Sugars are the smallest & simplest carbs
3.4 Minerals
3.4.1 essential for carrying out normal body functions
3.4.1.1 Iron
3.4.1.1.1 Red meat
3.4.1.2 Calcium
3.4.1.2.1 Dairy
3.5 Fibre
3.5.1 function not needed
3.5.1.1 Cereals
3.6 Water
3.6.1 Transport of materials around the body
3.6.1.1 Drinks/liquid food
3.7 Vitamins
3.7.1 Aids chemical processes (making enzymes etc)
3.7.1.1 C
3.7.1.1.1 Oranges/other fruit & veg
3.7.1.2 D
3.7.1.2.1 Diary/ sunlight
4 Inorganic
4.1 Does NOT contain carbon
5 Malnutrition
5.1 Eating too much / too little of some nutrients
5.2 Causes
5.2.1 problems with absorption
5.2.2 unbalanced diet
5.2.3 Not enough food available

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