1.1 About one third of the industrial waste water
and more than 90 percent of household
sewage in China is released into rivers and
lakes without being treated.
1.1.1 Nearly 80 percent of China's cities (278 of
them) have no sewage treatment facilities
and few have plans to build any and
underground water supplies in 90 percent
of the cites are contaminated.
1.1.2 In summer of 2011, the China
government reported 43
percent of state-monitored
rivers are so polluted, they're
unsuitable for human contact.
22.214.171.124 China has some of the world's worst
water pollution. All of China's lakes
and rivers are polluted to some
degree. According to a Chinese
government report, 70 percent of
rivers, lakes and waterways are
seriously polluted, many so seriously
they have no fish,
126.96.36.199 The Qingshui River, a tributary of the Huai
has turned black with trails of yellow foam
from pollution from small mines that have
opened up to meet the demand for
magnesium, molybdenum and vanadium
used in the booming steel industry.
188.8.131.52 By one estimate one sixth of China’s
population is threatened by seriously
2 Ground Pollution
2.1 A two year government survey involving 570,000
people found that farmers’ fields produced more
water contamination than factories.
2.1.1 China’s agricultural sector is massive and massively-dependent on artificial
inputs such as fertiliser. A report by Greenpeace in 2010 stated that China
consumed 35 percent of the world’s nitrogen fertiliser
2.2 Because of China’s need to generate as much food and other resources from its
land as possible, thousands of farms are near mines, chemical plants and other
2.3 Government survey found traces of toxic metals that had been
present for at least one century and pesticides banned in the
1950s in soil
2.3.1 The local government of Xinqiao is said to have passed out
compensations of polluted rice for the past 20 years
3 Air Pollution
3.1 Chinese scientists have warned that the country's toxic air
pollution is now so bad that it resembles a nuclear winter,
slowing photosynthesis in plants – and potentially wreaking
havoc on the country's food supply.
3.1.1 China’s smog-filled cities are ringed with heavy industry, metal
smelters, and coal-fired power plants, all critical to keeping the
fast-growing economy going even as they spew tons of carbon, metals,
gases, and soot into the air.
3.2 Coal is the number once source of air pollution in China. China gets 80 percent of electricity and
70 percent its total energy from coal, much of it polluting high-sulphur coal. Around six million
tons of coal is burned everyday to power factories, heat homes and cook meals.
3.2.1 Expanding car ownership, heavy traffic and low-grade
gasoline have made cars a leading contributor to the air
pollution problem in Chinese cities.
3.3 China's environmental protection ministry published a report in November
2010 which showed that about a third of 113 cities surveyed failed to meet
national air standards last year. According to the World Bank 16 of the world’s
20 cities with the worst air are in China