Enzymes in the home and industry

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Mind Map by Phoebe is a wizard, updated more than 1 year ago
Phoebe is a wizard
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Enzymes in the home and industry, AQA additional science
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Enzymes in the home and industry
1 Protease
1.1 Used to pre-digest proteins
1.1.1 during the manufacture of baby foods
2 Lipase
2.1 Used in biological detergents to break down substances in stains
2.1.1 used together with protease
2.1.2 stains break down into smaller, water soluble substances
3 Carbohydrase
3.1 Used to convert starch syrup, which is relatively cheap, into sugar syrup, which is more valuable
3.1.1 for example, as an ingredient in sports drinks
4 Isomerase
4.1 Used to convert glucose syrup into fructose syrup
4.1.1 fructose is sweeter than glucose
4.1.1.1 it can be used in smaller amounts in slimming foods
5 In industry
5.1 enzymes allow reactions that normally need expensive, energy-demanding equipment
5.1.1 to happen at normal temperatures and pressures
5.1.1.1 saves money
5.1.1.2 saves energy
5.2 most enzymes are denatured at high temperatures.
5.2.1 Many enzymes are expensive to produce.
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