di-haloalkane, tri-haloalkane also ther
monohaloalkanes are divided into 2
126.96.36.199 sp3 hybrid
single bonds on carbon attached to halogen
188.8.131.52.1 Alkyl Halides
R-X, form homologus compounds are Cn H2n+1X
184.108.40.206.1.1 Primary, secondary, tertiary
220.127.116.11.2 Allylic Halides
x-c-c=c, 2nd C is allylic carbon. it could be aliphatic or cyclic .
18.104.22.168.3 Benzylic Halides
an alkyl halide attached to a benzene ring.
this also has primary, 2ary, 3tiary
double bond on c attached to halogen
22.214.171.124.1 venylic halide
halogen attached to double bonded carbon of an aliphatic or cyclo alkane
126.96.36.199.2 Aryl Halide
X bonded to a C of aromatic ring
n and iso. o,m,p, sym(metrical)
in commom name br comes after propyl. in iupac br first then propane.
2.1 Alk-ylidene hal-ide
2.2 Alk-ylene dihal-ide
2.3 pg 284
read the table!!!!!
3 Bond nature
polarized, carbon partial positive charge, halogen increases down the periodic table bond length increases,
Bond enthalpy decreases decreases, dipole moment decreases all cuz F is more electronegative due to its small size