Mind Map by , created about 6 years ago

yr 11 Modern History Mind Map on CAUSES OF WW1, created by zoe98xoxo on 09/04/2013.

Created by zoe98xoxo about 6 years ago
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1 Alliance Systems
1.1 Tripple Alliance ===> Germany, Austria Hungary Tripple Entente ===> Brittain, France, Germany
1.2 This system led to the division of Europe into two antagonistic power blocs, its degree of secrecy led to fear and suspicion between nations, and it transformed local disputes into a general conflict.
1.3 Central Powers
1.3.1 The core of the Central Powers was the Dual Alliance between Germany and Austria. The central principle of Bismarckian diplomacy was to maintain an alliance with Tsarist Russia and Austria.
1.4 Allies
1.4.1 The core of the Allies was the treaty between France and Russia. Once the Kaiser allowed the treaty with Russia lapse, the French immediately seized the opportunity and negotiated a treaty with the Tsar. Republican France and Tsarist Russia may seem unlikely allies, but the French had learned their lesson from the Franco-Prussian War. Never again would they face the Germans without allies. The Franco-Russian Treaty was the core of the Allied war effort in the opening year of the War. Yet an alliance with absolutist Tsarist Russia was an embarrassment for the Allies, making it difficult to advance any higher principles for the War.
2 Arms Race
2.1 As economic rivalries and colonial competition came to a boiling point, nations began to build their military arsenals at an unprecedented rate. Armament build-ups continued to spiral out of control as European powers sought to gain a military advantage over one another.
3 Nationalism
3.1 European kingdoms had given way to nation-states throughout the 1800s following the Napoleonic Wars, lending widespread support to colonial, economic and military expansion. The Napoleonic Wars taught Europeans that it was critical to consolidate and strengthen one's nation in relation to potential rivals. Furthermore, new nations and new colonial powers such as the German Empire and Italy (formed comparatively recently, during the mid-1800s) were especially fervent, as they had been under foreign domination for so long, and were eager to reverse the situation. Their tactics became increasingly brutal and hostile as they felt compelled to play catch up with established colonial powers such as the United Kingdom, France and Spain.