Ana Maria Tovar Cuenca
Mind Map by Ana Maria Tovar Cuenca, updated more than 1 year ago
Ana Maria Tovar Cuenca
Created by Ana Maria Tovar Cuenca over 1 year ago


Mind Map on ENGLISH, created by Ana Maria Tovar Cuenca on 12/11/2019.

Resource summary

  1. Master the use of
    1. Present simple
      1. It is used when talking about something in general or about common facts very acquaintances
        1. To conjugate the present simple we use the infinitive for the subjects "I", "you", "we" and "they" and for the third persons "he", "she" and "it", we add a "-s" to the end of the verb
          1. Affirmative sentences
            1. Subject + verb.
              1. Examples
                1. -I talk. -He eats. -They learn.
            2. Negative sentences
              1. Subject + auxiliary verb (to do) + negative auxiliary (“not”) + verb
                1. Examples
                  1. -I do not [don’t] talk. -He does not [doesn’t] eat. -They do not [don’t] learn.
              2. Interrogative sentences
                1. Auxiliary verb (to do) + subject + main verb?
                  1. Examples
                    1. -Do you talk? -Does he eat? -Do they learn?
          2. Present continuous
            1. It is used to describe actions that are happening in this moment, that is, in the moment in which you are speaking
              1. how is it formed?
                1. With the verb to be in present simple (am, is, are) plus the main verb in gerund (ending in –ing)
                  1. Affirmative sentences
                    1. Subject + am | is | are + verb ending in -ing
                      1. Examples
                        1. -I am learning English. -You are learning German. -She is learning Spanish.
                    2. Negative sentences
                      1. Subject + am not | isn't | aren't + verb ending in -ing
                        1. Examples
                          1. -I am not learning English. -We are not learning German. -He is not learning Spanish.
                      2. Interrogative sentences
                        1. Am | is | are + subject + verb ending in -ing
                          1. Examples
                            1. -Am I am learning English? -Are they learning German? -Is it working?
                2. Through
                  1. Comprehension: reading, listening, oral, written.
                  2. Past simple
                    1. The simple past is used when talking about the following actions:
                      1. A completed action that has no connection to the present.         Repeated actions in the past.         In stories, stories or when talking about historical events.
                        1. Form
                          1. With regular verbs, we use the infinitive and add the ending “-ed”. The form is the same for all people (I, you, he, she, it, we, they).
                            1. Examples
                              1. want → wanted. learn → learned. stay → stayed
                            2. Irregular verbs never modify their root in any of the tenses, modes, people in which they can be conjugated.
                              1. Examples
                                1. Arise- arose. Awake- awoke. Bear- bore.
                              2. Afirmative sentences
                                1. Subject + main verb
                                2. Negative sentences
                                  1. Subject + "to be" + "not"
                                  2. Interrogative sentences
                                    1. "To be" + subject ...?
                            3. Auxiliary
                              1. Was
                                1. Were
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