Fibres & Fabrics

Nicola Lees
Mind Map by Nicola Lees, updated more than 1 year ago
Nicola Lees
Created by Nicola Lees over 5 years ago
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Recap on different Fibres for GCSE Textiles Revision
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Fibres & Fabrics
1 Natural
1.1 Cellulose (from plants)
1.1.1 Flax Plant
1.1.1.1 Linen
1.1.1.1.1 Negatives
1.1.1.1.1.1 Creases badly
1.1.1.1.1.2 Poor drape
1.1.1.1.2 Positives
1.1.1.1.2.1 Feels cool is hot weather
1.1.1.1.2.2 Strong - even when wet
1.1.2 Cotton Plant
1.1.2.1 Cotton
1.1.2.1.1 Positves
1.1.2.1.1.1 Hard wearing
1.1.2.1.1.2 Strong - even when wet
1.1.2.1.2 Negatives
1.1.2.1.2.1 Creases easily
1.1.2.1.2.2 High flammability
1.1.2.1.3 Uses
1.1.2.1.3.1 Jeans, T Shirts, Soft furnishings, Bedding
1.2 Protein (from animals)
1.2.1 Silk Worm
1.2.1.1 Silk
1.2.1.1.1 Positives
1.2.1.1.1.1 Good Drape
1.2.1.1.1.2 Smooth
1.2.1.1.2 Negatives
1.2.1.1.2.1 Expensive
1.2.1.1.2.2 Creases easily
1.2.1.1.3 Uses
1.2.1.1.3.1 Lingerie, underwear, dresses, shirts & ties
1.2.2 Sheep
1.2.2.1 Wool
1.2.2.1.1 Positives
1.2.2.1.1.1 Warm
1.2.2.1.1.2 Good elasticity
1.2.2.1.2 Negatives
1.2.2.1.2.1 Can shrink when washed
1.2.2.1.2.2 Dries slowly
1.2.2.1.3 Uses
1.2.2.1.3.1 Suits, jumpers, coats, dresses & carpets
2 Regenerated
2.1 Natural materials (usually cellulose) that are chemically treated
2.1.1 Viscose
2.1.1.1 Positives
2.1.1.1.1 Absorbant
2.1.1.1.2 Soft
2.1.1.2 Negatives
2.1.1.2.1 High flammability
2.1.1.2.2 Not very hard wearing
2.1.1.3 Uses
2.1.1.3.1 Lingerie, underwear, dresses, suits, linings, soft furnishing
2.1.2 Acetate
2.1.2.1 Positives
2.1.2.1.1 Easily washable
2.1.2.1.2 Soft
2.1.2.2 Negatives
2.1.2.2.1 High flammability
2.1.2.2.2 not very absorbant
2.1.2.3 Uses
2.1.2.3.1 Lining in clothes, soft furnishing
3 Synthetic
3.1 Man Made from polymers
3.1.1 Polyester
3.1.1.1 Positives
3.1.1.1.1 Strong
3.1.1.1.2 cheap
3.1.1.2 Negatives
3.1.1.2.1 Not absorbent
3.1.1.2.2 not biodergrable
3.1.1.3 Uses
3.1.1.3.1 Sportswear, Bed sheets, curtains, cushions, padding
3.1.2 Elastane
3.1.2.1 Positives
3.1.2.1.1 extremely elastic
3.1.2.1.2 Strong
3.1.2.2 Uses
3.1.2.2.1 Sportswear, swimwear, underwear, Combined with other fibres to add stretch
3.1.2.3 Negatives
3.1.2.3.1 Not absorbant
3.1.2.3.2 not biodegradable
3.1.3 Polyamide
3.1.3.1 Positives
3.1.3.1.1 Crease resistant
3.1.3.1.2 Strong
3.1.3.2 Negatives
3.1.3.2.1 Not very absorbant
3.1.3.2.2 Damaged by sunlight
3.1.3.3 Uses
3.1.3.3.1 Sportswear, furnishings, carpets, tights & socks
3.1.4 Acrylic
3.1.4.1 Positives
3.1.4.1.1 Strong (except when wet)
3.1.4.1.2 Soft & warm
3.1.4.2 Negatives
3.1.4.2.1 Not very absorbent
3.1.4.2.2 Pilling
3.1.4.3 Uses
3.1.4.3.1 Fake fur, knitted clothes & furnishings
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