1.3.1 Poverty - most of the members of the IRA came from
poor Catholic communities.
1.4.1 Birmingham Pub Bombings. Timed
bombs that went off in two different pubs
killing 21 and injuring 182 people.
188.8.131.52 Achieved the Good Friday Agreement in 1998.
184.108.40.206.1 The Good Friday agreement was a commitment by all parties
to exclusively peaceful and democratic means.
1.5.1 They took hostages, carried out bombings, shootings and bank robberies. They
used propaganda to show the Irish community that they were being treated
unfairly by the British.
1.6.1 They felt they had no independence and that they
were treated unfairly by Britain
2 Al Quaeda
2.1.1 Osama Bin Laden
2.2.1 Gain support and awareness by carrying out attacks. They
were a hardcore Muslim organisation, and belonged to a
network with other groups, sharing their views, so they
could inspire and influence them. They provided finance
training to support terrorist attacks.
2.3.1 They did not like the power that the West
had over them
2.4.1 Al-Quaeda were affected by the
dominance and power the West had
2.5.1 Reduce foreign influence
in Muslim countries
2.5.2 Destroy the State Of isreal
2.6.1 The 9/11 attacks - Planes were flown by suicide bombers
into targeted buildings (the world trade center) on an
attack on the US
2.7.1 They raised a lot of awareness and inspired
other groups to fight for what they believed in.
However they were unable to achieve any of
3.1.1 They believed that Pakistan was
3.2.1 Yasser Arafat
3.3.1 Destroy the state of Israel and gain
the land they had been disputing
over - Pakistan
3.4.1 Attacked innocent civilians
with underground warfare
3.4.2 Hijacked planes to free PLO prisoners
3.4.3 They attacked Israel using artillery fire
3.5.1 Munich Olympic Games attack - they took
hostage and killed 11 Israel Olympians. They
demanded the release of 234 prisoners.
3.5.2 Black September in 1970 where
there was a civil war in Jordan
between the PLO and the Jordanian
3.6.1 Poverty - Many recruits came from the bad conditions of
refugee camps to join the PLO as this gave them status
3.6.2 Disputed land - Palestinians lost what they thought
of as their land. They also had a powerful enemy in