Terrorism

Finn O'Ryan
Mind Map by Finn O'Ryan, updated more than 1 year ago
Finn O'Ryan
Created by Finn O'Ryan almost 5 years ago
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Mind Map on Terrorism, created by Finn O'Ryan on 03/05/2015.

Resource summary

Terrorism
1 IRA
1.1 Aims
1.1.1 Reduce British influence in Ireland
1.1.2 Create a united island of Ireland
1.2 Leader:
1.2.1 Gerry Adams
1.3 Grievances
1.3.1 Poverty - most of the members of the IRA came from poor Catholic communities.
1.4 Attacks
1.4.1 Birmingham Pub Bombings. Timed bombs that went off in two different pubs killing 21 and injuring 182 people.
1.4.1.1 Achieved the Good Friday Agreement in 1998.
1.4.1.1.1 The Good Friday agreement was a commitment by all parties to exclusively peaceful and democratic means.
1.5 Tactics
1.5.1 They took hostages, carried out bombings, shootings and bank robberies. They used propaganda to show the Irish community that they were being treated unfairly by the British.
1.6 Motive
1.6.1 They felt they had no independence and that they were treated unfairly by Britain
2 Al Quaeda
2.1 Leader
2.1.1 Osama Bin Laden
2.2 Tactics
2.2.1 Gain support and awareness by carrying out attacks. They were a hardcore Muslim organisation, and belonged to a network with other groups, sharing their views, so they could inspire and influence them. They provided finance training to support terrorist attacks.
2.3 Motive
2.3.1 They did not like the power that the West had over them
2.4 Grievances
2.4.1 Al-Quaeda were affected by the dominance and power the West had over them
2.5 Aims
2.5.1 Reduce foreign influence in Muslim countries
2.5.2 Destroy the State Of isreal
2.6 Attacks
2.6.1 The 9/11 attacks - Planes were flown by suicide bombers into targeted buildings (the world trade center) on an attack on the US
2.7 Success
2.7.1 They raised a lot of awareness and inspired other groups to fight for what they believed in. However they were unable to achieve any of their aims.
3 PLO
3.1 Motive
3.1.1 They believed that Pakistan was originally theirs
3.2 Leader
3.2.1 Yasser Arafat
3.3 Aims
3.3.1 Destroy the state of Israel and gain the land they had been disputing over - Pakistan
3.4 Tactics
3.4.1 Attacked innocent civilians with underground warfare
3.4.2 Hijacked planes to free PLO prisoners
3.4.3 They attacked Israel using artillery fire
3.5 Attacks
3.5.1 Munich Olympic Games attack - they took hostage and killed 11 Israel Olympians. They demanded the release of 234 prisoners.
3.5.2 Black September in 1970 where there was a civil war in Jordan between the PLO and the Jordanian armed forces.
3.6 Grievances
3.6.1 Poverty - Many recruits came from the bad conditions of refugee camps to join the PLO as this gave them status and importance
3.6.2 Disputed land - Palestinians lost what they thought of as their land. They also had a powerful enemy in the Jews.
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