Effect of Atomic Structure & Chemical Bonding on Physical Properties

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Mind Map on Effect of Atomic Structure & Chemical Bonding on Physical Properties, created by David Girt on 04/16/2020.
David Girt
Mind Map by David Girt, updated more than 1 year ago
David Girt
Created by David Girt over 2 years ago
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Resource summary

Effect of Atomic Structure & Chemical Bonding on Physical Properties
  1. Molecular
    1. Formed by nonmetal(s)
      1. 4. Generally have low melting points
        1. 3/4. Do not conduct electricity in any state (pure form or in a solution)
          1. Polar Covalent Bonds: 3rd Strongest Intramolecular forces
            1. Intermolecular forces at work: Dipole-dipole attraction, London dispersion forces (And Hydrogen Bonding if applicable, [ H atom with O, N, or F atom ])
            2. 4th Nonpolar Covalent Bonds: Weakest Intramolecular forces
              1. Intermolecular forces at work: London dispersion (weakest compared to ionic or polar covalent bonds)
              2. FORCES RANKED(1-5):
                1. Intramolecular forces:
                  1. Intermolecular forces:
                    1. 3. Hydrogen Bonding
                      1. 4. Dipole-Dipole
                        1. 5. London Dispersion
                        2. 1. Polar Covalent Bond
                          1. 2. Non-polar Covalent Bond
                      2. Ionic
                        1. Formed from a metal + nonmetal
                          1. 2. Conduct electricity in the liquid state but not in the solid state (form conductive solutions in water)
                            1. 2. High melting point
                              1. 2nd Strongest Intramolecular forces: Ionic Bond
                                1. Formation: Cations to Anions
                                  1. Intermolecular forces at work: electrostatic (strongest of intermolecular forces)
                                    1. FORCES RANKED:
                                      1. Intramolecular force:
                                        1. Intermolecular force:
                                          1. 2. Electrostatic
                                            1. 4. London Dispersion
                                              1. 3. Ion-dipole
                                              2. 1. The Ionic Bond
                                          2. Covalent Network
                                            1. Formed by metalloids/carbon
                                              1. 1. Extremely high melting point
                                                1. 3/4. Nonconductors of electricity
                                                  1. Covalent bonds in a continuous network. They're the same as a regular covalent bond, but being in a network gives them strength
                                                    1. The covalent network is even stronger than the ionic bond (even though the ionic bond is generally always stronger)
                                                    2. FORCES RANKED:
                                                      1. Intramolecular forces
                                                        1. 1. Covalent Network Bond
                                                          1. Intermolecular forces:
                                                            1. 2. London Dispersion
                                                      2. Metallic
                                                        1. Formed by metal(s)
                                                          1. 1. Strong electrical and thermal conductivity
                                                            1. 3. Melting points vary depending on the metal (i.e. tungsten has a high melting point, mercury has a low melting point)
                                                              1. 1st Strongest Intramolecular forces: Metallic Bonds from the attraction between positive metal ions and their surrounding valence electrons (which enable them to convey electricity easily)
                                                                1. Basis of formation: Delocalized electrons to metal cations
                                                                2. Intermolecular forces at work: electrostatic
                                                                  1. FORCES RANKED:
                                                                    1. Intramolecular forces
                                                                      1. 1. Metallic Bond
                                                                        1. Intermolecular forces:
                                                                          1. 2. Electrostatic
                                                                            1. 3. London Dispersion
                                                                      2. Criteria
                                                                        1. Forces (ranked from weakest to strongest)
                                                                          1. Boiling point/melting point, Conductivity (with conditions)
                                                                        2. By: David Girt
                                                                          1. LEGEND:
                                                                            1. RED cells invole melting points (Ranked from 1-4)
                                                                              1. YELLOW cells involve conductivity (Ranked from 1-4)
                                                                                1. ORANGE cells involve intra - and intermolecular forces (1-4)
                                                                                  1. BLUE cells rank the bonding forces
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