1.1 Aberfan started as an agricultural village,
which grew in the bottom of the valley close
to the River Taff, approximately 5 miles
from the larger town of Merthyr Tydfil.
1.2 During the industrial revolution, coal was found in the valley
and the Merthyr Vale coal mine was opened in 1875. As a result
the function of Aberfan changed - is became an industrial
settlement, with the majority of people working the in the mine.
1.3 In 1989 the coal mine closed and so the function of the village
changed once again - it became a residential settlement.
1.4 Today it is still a residential settlement. It is a commuter village with the
people who live there working in local towns and cities such as Merthyr
Tydfil. It is also a retirement settlement as the age structure of the
population shows a large number of 60+ year olds. There are still a number
of farms close to the village, but its main function remains residential.
2 Attitudes Towards a Greenfield
Development - Peakcock Farm
2.1 Housing Government Minister
2.1.1 'This type of development is needed due to the increase in
population, particularly near London.'
18.104.22.168 FOR DEVELOPMENT
2.2 What Will be Provided?
2.2.1 14,000 new homes, 91 acres of country parkland, a
doctors surgery and 2 primary schools.
2.3 Bracknell Resident
2.3.1 'The new apartments are stylish
and have made that area of the
town look more modern.'
22.214.171.124 FOR DEVELOPMENT
2.4 Bracknell Councillor
2.4.1 'We were sorry to lose the greenbelt land but
the development is good for the town, and it
is bringing in more people and business.'
126.96.36.199 FOR DEVELOPMENT
2.5 Ascott Resident
2.5.1 'I have to drive through Ascott to get to
work. With all the new homes the traffic
is terrible. It takes longer every day.'
188.8.131.52 AGAINST DEVELOPMENT
2.6 Peacock Farm Resident
2.6.1 'It's really easy for us to get on to the M4 so it's still very
accessible even though we're on the edge oof town. I
like living on the outskirts away from the busy town.'
184.108.40.206 FOR DEVELOPMENT
2.7 Green Party Member
2.7.1 'This development will mean more urban sprawl.
Bracknell will soon be joined to Wokingham. What
about all of the wildlife habitat?'
220.127.116.11 AGAINST DEVELOPMENT
2.8 Overall Response
2.8.1 Generally the response from central and local government is positive as it has
provided some needed additional housing. However the Green Party is
concerned about the negative impact on local wildlife due to the loss of habitat.
Also, the general response from residents is positive. However residents in
nearby Ascott are not pleased with the increase in traffic.
3 Attitudes Towards a Brownfield
Development - Norwich
3.1 What Will be Provided?
3.1.1 An entertainment complex (including a 14 screen
cinema and large shopping centre) - created jobs.
3.1.2 More than 200 residential units.
3.1.3 New foot and cycle bridges across the river to give better access.
3.2.1 Large site south-east of the city
centre; 17 hectares of brownfield
land near the River Wensum.
3.3 Norwich Resident
3.3.1 'The new redevelopment has really improved that
area of Norwich. There are now entertainment
facilities and the riverside is great in the summer for a
walk along the new river paths.'
18.104.22.168 FOR DEVELOPMENT
3.4 Factory Owner, Norwich
3.4.1 'It was a shame to see the factory go as it
was in the family for years, but we were not
making money. The renewed building look
great and blend in well with the area.'
22.214.171.124 FOR DEVELOPMENT
3.5 Housing Minister
3.5.1 'This was a great opportunity to provide a number of 1 and 2
betroom apartments for the rising number of young single
people looking to rent and buy properties, while at the same
time being able to improve the appearance of the area.
126.96.36.199 FOR DEVELOPMENT
3.6 Norwich City Councillor
3.6.1 'There was a cost in cleaning the land before
the redevelopment could begin, but lots of jobs
have been created and the area is now thriving
so the benefits outweigh the initial costs.'
188.8.131.52 FOR DEVELOPMENT
3.7 Overall Response
3.7.1 The response from central and local government
was general positive even though there was a cost
involved in cleaning the land. The response from
residents is generally positive as the development
has improved the look of the area, which should
attract further investment.
4 Rapid Growth in LIC
Cities - Cairo, Egypt
4.1.1 The Migration From Rural
Areas to Urban Areas
184.108.40.206 Push Factors
220.127.116.11.1 Salaries are lower
in rural areas.
18.104.22.168.2 Lack of employment in rural
areas because of population
growth and mechanisation.
22.214.171.124.3 The few jobs that are available in rural
areas are part of the primary sector, and
thus are physically demanding and have
very little or no job progression.
126.96.36.199 Pull Factors
188.8.131.52.1 Governments are investing more in
urban areas as they try to attract
more TNCs, such as Disney or Nike.
184.108.40.206.2 TNCs have brought industries to
urban areas, which have provided jobs.
220.127.116.11.3 The belief that life would be better in urban
areas with better education and improved
access to piped water and electricity.
4.1.2 A High Natural Increase in
Population in Urban Areas
18.104.22.168 Many migrants are of
child bearing age.
22.214.171.124 Lack of contraception.
126.96.36.199 Improved medical facilities in urban areas
means that infant mortality is lower than in
188.8.131.52 Life expectancy is higher due to better
living conditions and diet - increasd from
41 years in 1960 to 70 years in 2010.
4.2 Cairo's population grows by
around 500,000 people per year.
4.3.1 Air Pollution
184.108.40.206 The air quality is very poor
due to the 2 million cars and
220.127.116.11 The smog blocks out the
sun's rays causing many
children to lack vitamin D.
18.104.22.168 37% of people in the industrial
area suffer from lung problems.
4.3.2 Land Pollution
22.214.171.124 10,000 tonnes of solid waste is
produced a day. Only 60% is collected.
The rest is left to rot in the streets.
126.96.36.199 There are large stockpiles of
toxic waste from industry - as
much as 50,000 tonnes.
4.3.3 Water Pollution
188.8.131.52 23% of the population
do not have access to a
fresh water supply.
184.108.40.206 25% of people are not
connected to the public
4.3.4 Noise Pollution
220.127.116.11 A huge amount of noise is
created by the traffic - 2 million
cars and 200,000 motorbikes.
18.104.22.168 Loud speakers calling
Muslims to prayer.
22.214.171.124 Noise of nightclubs along the River Nile.
Particularly bad in the Saraya Al Gezira district.