Martini Chapter 1

Mind Map by , created about 6 years ago

Undergraduate Degree BMSC1110 (Martini reading) Mind Map on Martini Chapter 1, created by 06watkinse on 10/01/2013.

Created by 06watkinse about 6 years ago
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Martini Chapter 1
1 Anatomy
1.1 Gross Anatomy
1.1.1 Surface - general form and superficial markings
1.1.2 Regional - anatomical organisation of specific areas of the body
1.1.3 Systemic - structure of organ systems. e.g. skeletal system
1.1.4 Developmental - the changes in form between conception and full maturity Embryology - the study of the first 2 months of development.
1.1.5 Clinical - subspecialities important in clinical practice
1.2 Microscopic Anatomy - anatomy of structures that can't be seen without magnification.
1.2.1 Cytology - the study of the internal structure of individual cells
1.2.2 Histology - the examination of tissues
2 Physiology
2.1 Cell - the study of the functions of cells
2.2 Organ - the study of the function of organs
2.3 Systemic - the study of the organ system functions
2.4 Pathological - the study of the effects of disease on organ and organ system functions
3 Levels of Organisation
3.1 Chemical/Molecular - atoms
3.2 Cellular - cells and their organelles
3.3 Tissue - tissues, cells that work together to perform specific functions
3.4 Organ - groups of tissues that work together to perform several functions
3.5 Organ System - groups of organs that work together
3.6 Organism - all organ systems working together to form a fully functioning organism
4 Organ Systems
4.1 Integumentary - protects against the environment, regulates body temp and provides sensory information
4.2 Skeletal
4.3 Muscular
4.4 Nervous
4.5 Endocrine - directs long term changes in organ systems, adjusts metabolic activity, controls structural and functional changes in development
4.6 Cardiovascular
4.7 Lymphatic
4.8 Respiratory
4.9 Digestive
4.10 Urinary
4.11 Reproductive
5 Homeostasis
5.1 Autoregulation - the organ system automatically alters its activites in response to an environmental change
5.2 Extrinsic regulation - a result of the nervous or endocrine system, the 2 systems that control or adjust the activity of other organ systems
5.3 The mechanism
5.3.1 Receptors - sensitive to stimuli
5.3.2 Control centre - receives processes and then sends commands out
5.3.3 Effectors - cells or organs that respond to the commands of the control centre
5.4 Negative Feedback
5.4.1 counteracting a change in the environment
5.4.2 control centre - hypothalamus
5.4.3 normally maintains a narrow range rather than a single value
5.5 Positive Feedback
5.5.1 exaggerating a change in the environment
5.6 it rests at a state of dynamic equilibrium
6 Anatomical Terms
6.1 Superficial Anatomy
6.1.1 locating structures on or near the body surface
6.1.2 the normal position for anatomical position is palms facing forward and feet together
6.1.3 Supine - when in anatomical position lying down face UP
6.1.4 Prone - when in anatomical position lying down face DOWN
6.1.5 Anatomical Landmarks
6.1.6 Anatomical Regions
6.1.7 Anatomical Directions
6.2 Sectional Anatomy
6.2.1 Planes and Sections
7 Body Cavities
7.1 they protect against shocks and impacts
7.2 the allow for significant changes in size and shape of organs
7.3 Thoracic cavity
7.3.1 contains the lungs and heart
7.3.2 also contains associated organs of the respiratory, cardiovascular and lymphatic systems, the inferior portions of the esophagus and the thymus
7.3.3 it is divided into the left and right plural cavity seperated by the mediastinum
7.3.4 the mediastinum contains the pericardial cavity and connective tissue that supports the esophagus, trachae, thymus and the major blood vessels that start or end at the heart.
7.4 Abdominopelvic Cavity
7.4.1 contains the superior abdominal cavity and the inferior pelvic cavity
7.4.2 the abdominal cavity contains the peritoneal cavity which is the lining around the organs in the abdomen: liver, stomach, spleen, small intestine and most of the large intestine.
7.4.3 the pelvic cavity the bones of the pelvis form the wall of the cavity it contains the reproductive organs, bladder and the distal portion of the large intestine
7.4.4 the kidneys and pancreas lie between the peritoneal lining and the muscular wall of the abdominal cavity - they are retroperitoneal

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