Grammar Who/Whom/Whoever/Whomever/That /Which/Adverbs/Adjectives/Good/Well

Alicat
Mind Map by Alicat, updated more than 1 year ago
Alicat
Created by Alicat almost 5 years ago
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Mind Map on Grammar Who/Whom/Whoever/Whomever/That /Which/Adverbs/Adjectives/Good/Well, created by Alicat on 04/09/2015.

Resource summary

Grammar Who/Whom/Whoever/Whomever/That /Which/Adverbs/Adjectives/Good/Well
1 Who/Whom
1.1 Rule #1 Use the He/Him rule. He=who Him=Whom
1.1.1 Example: Who/Whomewrote the letter. He wrote the letter. Therefor Who is correct. For Who/Whom should I vote? Should I vote for him? Therefor Whom is correct.
2 Whoever/Whomever
2.1 Rule #1 Him + He= Whoever Him + Him= Whomever
2.1.1 Example: Give it to Whoever/whomever. Give it to Him. He asked for it first. Therefor use whoever.
2.1.2 Example#2: We will hire whoever/whomever you recommend. We will hire him. You recommendd Him. Therefor use Whomever.
2.2 RULE #2 When the entire Whoever/Whomever clause is the subject/object of the verb that follows the clause look inside the clause to determine which to use.
2.2.1 Example: Whoever is elected will serve a four-year term. Whoever is the subject of is. Whomever you elect will serve a four-year term. Whomever is the object off you elect.
3 That/Which
3.1 Rule #1: Who refers to people. That and which refers to groups or things
3.1.1 Example: Ayna is the one who rescued the bird. John is on the team that one.
3.2 Rule #2: That introduces an essential clause while which introduces nonessential clause.
3.2.1 Example: I do not trust products THAT Claim "all natural ingredients" because this phrase can mean almost anything. This phrase is essential. The product claiming "all natural ingredients,." WHICH appeared in the Sunday news paper, is on sale. This Phrase in nonessential .
3.2.1.1 Note: Essential clause do not have commas surrounding them while nonessential clauses do.
3.3 Rule #3: If this, that , and those have already introduced an essential clause, you may use which to introduce the next clause.
3.3.1 Example: THAT is the decision WHICH you must live with for the rest of your life
4 Adjectives/Adverbs
4.1 Definition of an Adjective - Describes a noun
4.1.1 Definition of an Adverb - Modifies everything but nouns and pronouns
4.2 Rule #1: If a word answers the question How it is an adverb. If you can add a -ly it is an adjective.
4.2.1 Example: She thinks slow/slowly . How does she think? Slowly. Adjective. She is a slow thinker. Slow does not answer how therfor it is an adverb.
4.3 Rule #2: When the verb is on of the four senses taste, smell, look, feel. Ask if the sense verb is being used actively.
4.3.1 Example: Roses smell Sweet/ Sweetly. The roses don't have noses so no -ly
5 Good/Well
5.1 Rule #1: Good is an adjective. Well is an adverb.
5.1.1 Example: You did a good job. Good describes the job. you did the job well. How did you do the job?
5.2 Rule #2: When referring to health use well.
5.2.1 Example: You look well today.
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