Anthropology: Culture & Social Conscience

andrea.arellaano
Mind Map by andrea.arellaano, updated more than 1 year ago
andrea.arellaano
Created by andrea.arellaano over 6 years ago
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Individual Final Work for Anthropology class

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Anthropology: Culture & Social Conscience
  1. Social Sciences
    1. Sciences that use the human behavior as object of study. They focus on how they interact with the others, & how they react to each other.
      1. Anthropology
        1. Humans, their evolution according to: context, history, lifestyle
          1. Holistic approach
          2. Physical
            1. Archaeology
              1. Linguistics
                1. Cultural/Social
                  1. Analysis & description of past cultures
              2. MAN
                1. Marriage
                  1. Legal or religious union of two individuals. Creates a whole new family
                    1. Exogamus marriage
                      1. Marriage between two individuals with no blood bond.
                      2. Affinity
                        1. It's a marriage with profitable purposes without caring about love
                        2. Family
                          1. Can be seen as the result of marriage. Composed by more than one individual. It is also the base for society
                            1. Types of family
                              1. Nuclear
                                1. Father + Mother + Children
                                  1. Formed through
                                    1. Polygamy
                                        1. Polyandry
                                          1. Polygyny
                                        2. Monogamy
                                      1. Extended
                                        1. Nuclear + Nuclear
                                      2. Culture
                                        1. Set of traditions that form a person's identity. It's based on what the individual's environment (usually the family) impose to it.
                                          1. Ways to acquire it
                                            1. Otherness
                                              1. It's the recognition of the costumes & identity of other people. it's knowing that there are other cultures besides your own
                                                1. Acculturation
                                                  1. Enrichment of the individual's culture with the things the society & the external environment aport to it
                                                    1. SOCIETY
                                                      1. State
                                                        1. The set of societies ruled by the same constitution. The state is divided by geographical boarders or regions. The authority is a president chose by the same society.
                                                          1. Regions of Mexico
                                                            1. Regionalism
                                                              1. Ethnography
                                                                1. Qualitative method
                                                                  1. The inexact method of investigation, It evaluates the studied culture's lifestyles & everyday lives
                                                                    1. Study of the case
                                                                      1. Oral Story
                                                                        1. Participative action investigation
                                                                          1. Qualitative evaluation
                                                                      2. Northwestern
                                                                        1. Northeastern
                                                                          1. Central
                                                                            1. Western
                                                                              1. Southeastern
                                                                              2. Population growth
                                                                                1. Regionalism
                                                                                  1. Characteristics of a region that make them unique & special because they only exist in that determined geographical area
                                                                                  2. Ethnography
                                                                                    1. The discipline dedicated to the deep study & description of a small or determined society, focusing on the aspects of their everyday lives,.
                                                                                      1. Ethnographic techniques
                                                                                        1. Perspectives
                                                                                          1. Emic
                                                                                            1. Local perception, explanation & meanings
                                                                                            2. Etic
                                                                                              1. Researcher's perspectives & findings
                                                                                            3. Participant observation
                                                                                              1. Direct observation
                                                                                                1. Genealogical
                                                                                                  1. oriented to problems
                                                                                                    1. Life Stories
                                                                                                      1. Conversation
                                                                                                        1. Longitudinal
                                                                                                          1. Key informants
                                                                                                            1. Team
                                                                                                          2. The measure in which people from a determined region reproduce. The state is responsible for its control, with sexual education
                                                                                                        2. The combination of all cultures from a determined geographic place. They share the same rules, & their behavior is usually ruled by norms established by themselves
                                                                                                          1. Social group
                                                                                                          2. Identity
                                                                                                            1. Social group
                                                                                                              1. Group of people that have alike identities & share their thought & ideas.
                                                                                                        3. Enculturation
                                                                                                          1. Cultured diffused from one generation to the next one.
                                                                                                            1. Identity
                                                                                                              1. The traditions, customs & thought that make an individual unique & who it is.
                                                                                                              2. Ethnocentrism
                                                                                                                1. Judging in a negative way other identities just because they are different, based on you culture's values
                                                                                                    2. Theories
                                                                                                      1. Evolutionist school
                                                                                                        1. Stages
                                                                                                          1. Savagery
                                                                                                            1. Lower
                                                                                                              1. Nomadic, promiscuity, common property
                                                                                                              2. Higher
                                                                                                                1. Tools, marriage
                                                                                                              3. Barbarism
                                                                                                                1. Agriculture & pottery, no incest. Society separated by clans & villages. Metalurgy, polygyny. Private property
                                                                                                                2. Civilization
                                                                                                                  1. Writing development. Civil government-monogamus couples
                                                                                                              4. Historical particularims
                                                                                                                1. Focus o a particular historical period
                                                                                                                2. Neoevolutionism
                                                                                                                  1. Energy from the individuals + Environment = Evolution
                                                                                                                  2. Functionalism
                                                                                                                    1. infra, inner & super structure of the society
                                                                                                                    2. Culture & personality
                                                                                                                      1. The society influences on the individual's behavior & personality
                                                                                                                      2. French structuralism
                                                                                                                        1. The environment affects on the individual's brainstructure, and its personality as consequence
                                                                                                                      3. CONCLUSION
                                                                                                                        1. i believe that all the concepts relate through the man, because the man is the base for everything. Without man, there would be no families or societies, & with out them there would be no object of study for the anthropological studies or researches. Another thing that I think that relates to every concept is the family, because that's where humans find their identities & traditions, and thanks to that there's diversity & differences between societies & regions
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