the inner core is the hottest part of the Earth. its around 5,500 degrees celcius and is a dense solid made up of iron and nickel.
the outer core is 2,000km thick and liquid.
the mantle is the thickest layer of the Earth. its made of semi-molten rock and is about 3,000km thick.
the crust is the thinnest layer and is varies between a thickness of 5-70km. the crust is made up of plates .
4-7 miles thick.
made up of heavy rock such as basalt.
made of liquid lava that cools quickly
19 miles thick.
made up of rock such as granite.
mostly igneous rock divided into 2 layers
convection currents move the plates around the earth and cause continental shift.
create violent earthquakes and volcanoes.
form when 2 plates move towards eachother.
if its 2 continental plates they will push up and create fold mountains.
also create ocean trenches.
made up of alternating layers of lava and ash.
slow moving sticky thick lave causes them to be steep and tall with wide bases.
usually found at destructive plate boundaries.
1000km3 of material
volcanic mudflow. water combines with mud and volacanic ash then flows down hill.
heated cloud of ash.
VEI volcanic explosivity index
Soufriere Hills, Montserrat
usually found at constructive plate boundariels.
theyare low with gently sloping sides this is due to them having thin runny fast moving lava that travels farther.
gentle frequent eruptions.
earthquakes occur due to friction between plates. a sudden jolt causes vibrations called seimic waves the rapidly race in all directions. the point at which a earthquake occurs is called the focus. the point directly above that at ground level is called the epicentre.
using water to create energy.
growing just enough to survive
gross domestic produce.
indicator of wealth of an area
create mid ocean ridges, volcanoes and earthquakes.
2 plates moving away from eachother
create frequent violent earthquakes.
2 plates sliding past eachother wiithout creating or destroying land.
pacific ring of fire
pangea was a super continent that formed approximately 300 million years ago then began to break apart after 100 million years.