Re Unit 8

Celia Hitchen
Mind Map by Celia Hitchen, updated more than 1 year ago
Celia Hitchen
Created by Celia Hitchen over 6 years ago
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8

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re unit 8

Resource summary

Re Unit 8
  1. Rights and Resonsiblities
    1. Sources For making Moral desisions
      1. Bible
        1. Word of God
          1. Must be correct
            1. God is omniscient so has good guidence
          2. outdated and unreliable
            1. thoughts at time of writing not now
          3. Conscience
            1. Inner Voice of God
              1. Must be correct as God is omniscient so has good guidence
              2. Warrior gene
                1. unreliable
              3. Situation Ethics
                1. Jesus followed this
                  1. Good Catholics should follow his example
                    1. He made important moral desisions and can be trusted as an example of how to make them
                    2. 'Love thy neighbor'
                    3. Church
                      1. Traditional moral values
                        1. Body of Christ
                          1. Jesus working in today's world
                            1. Must have same authority of him that Catholics should follow
                          2. teaches not to use contraception
                            1. Could danger peoples health (STDs)
                        2. Human Rights
                          1. Right to life is a basic Christian belief
                            1. Life is holy and belongs to God
                            2. Humans are made in the image of God
                              1. So humans are all one family
                                1. So should all be treated fairly
                              2. It's an essential human right for christians to not be at a disadvantage to other religions
                                1. Golden rule
                                2. Feedom of Religion and thought is essential for Christians
                                  1. Treat others how you would like to be treated
                                3. Moral Duty
                                  1. Brothers Keeper
                                    1. God entrusted us to look after others
                                    2. Golden Rule
                                      1. Treat others as you would like to be treated
                                        1. Care for yourself so care for others
                                      2. 'Love thy neighbor'
                                        1. Teaching of God so must be followed
                                          1. as he is omnicsient
                                        2. Parable of the sheep and goats
                                          1. Shows duty and helping the poor and suffering
                                            1. Bible is the word of God
                                              1. Must be followed as God is omniscient
                                        3. Genetic Engineering
                                          1. For
                                            1. Messes with a body
                                              1. God made people in his image
                                                1. Changing this is messing with God's plan
                                              2. It is trying to play as God
                                                1. This is a sin
                                                2. It is wrong to try and make Humans perfect
                                                  1. Only heaven is perfect
                                                  2. Killing Embryos in genetic engineering is murder
                                                    1. Goes against decalogue
                                                      1. Th9s is a sin
                                                  3. Against
                                                  4. Voting
                                                    1. Gives people some control of things such as taxes
                                                      1. Could effect what new laws are passed
                                                        1. Ancestors fought to get the vote and democratic rights that we have
                                                          1. If we don't vote we waste their work
                                                          2. If we do not vote only a small amount of people would choose the government
                                                            1. They could vote for someone who takes away the rights of those who did not vote
                                                        2. Environmental And Medical issues
                                                          1. Global Warming
                                                            1. Sea levels WILL rise as ice caps melt due to sn increased atmosphere temperature
                                                              1. Coastal cities and towns will be flooded and disapear
                                                              2. Drastic changes in the weather
                                                                1. more storms and hurricanes
                                                                  1. Destroy homes and kill people
                                                                2. Temperature change would change conditions in different habitats that organisms are adapted to
                                                                  1. this could endanger a speices or even make a species extinct
                                                                  2. Will effect plant growth
                                                                    1. less food will be available
                                                                      1. people become malnorished
                                                                  3. Pollution
                                                                    1. Acid Rain
                                                                      1. Burns things when come to earth
                                                                        1. Destroys crops
                                                                      2. Human Waste
                                                                        1. Encourages rats
                                                                          1. Carry diseases that could kill people
                                                                        2. Eutrophication
                                                                          1. Lack of oxygen in water
                                                                            1. kills fish
                                                                              1. water polluted
                                                                                1. health problems caused
                                                                            2. Radioactivity
                                                                              1. Could kill
                                                                                1. Cancer developed
                                                                                  1. Could genetically mutate unborn children
                                                                                2. Christians and the environment
                                                                                  1. The Bible teaches that we have a responsiblity to make sure Earths resources are shared
                                                                                    1. They will be judged on judgment day as to whether they have been good stewards
                                                                                      1. They will go to heaven if they are good stewards and care for the environment
                                                                                        1. The bible says they have a responsiblity to leave Earth a better place then they found it
                                                                                        2. Muslims and the enviroment
                                                                                          1. not produce pollutiom
                                                                                            1. So they can be good Khalifahs
                                                                                            2. The Shari'ah and Unnah tell Muslims that they should share the Earths resoureses
                                                                                              1. to improve life in less economically developed countries
                                                                                              2. They will be judged on their behavior as Khalifahs
                                                                                                1. have a duty to protect the environment
                                                                                                2. They believe in Unity and balance in creation
                                                                                                  1. They have a duty to preserve this
                                                                                                3. Organ Donation
                                                                                                  1. For
                                                                                                    1. God will not need organs to raise the body
                                                                                                      1. Golden Rule
                                                                                                        1. you would want someone to donate an organ after their death to save your life
                                                                                                        2. Most loving thing to do
                                                                                                          1. Saves lives
                                                                                                        3. Against
                                                                                                          1. Ignores the Sanctity of life
                                                                                                            1. Should the surgeon save the life of the donater dying or save the person in need of a transplant by letting the other die
                                                                                                              1. Plays as God
                                                                                                                1. Great sin
                                                                                                          2. Peace and Conflict
                                                                                                            1. Religious organisations Can achieve World Peace
                                                                                                              1. For
                                                                                                                1. They send aid workers who can start to prevent it
                                                                                                                  1. They will not use violence
                                                                                                                    1. Stopping wars follows situation ethics and is the foundations of their beliefs
                                                                                                                      1. Represnts a large group of people
                                                                                                                      2. Against
                                                                                                                        1. Not powerful enough
                                                                                                                          1. You ca't control everyone's point of view
                                                                                                                            1. The UN and governments have alot more authority
                                                                                                                              1. They can cause wars
                                                                                                                                1. The poe agrees with war
                                                                                                                                  1. Alot of people are not religious
                                                                                                                                2. Why do wars occur
                                                                                                                                  1. Terrorists attacks
                                                                                                                                    1. To fight for another countries human rigts
                                                                                                                                      1. To remove a dictator from power
                                                                                                                                        1. Religious differences
                                                                                                                                        2. Muslims and war
                                                                                                                                          1. Muhammed (great example of how to live life): fought in wars
                                                                                                                                            1. Qur'an: fight if you are attacked
                                                                                                                                              1. Muhammed taught to fight in just wars- final prophet of Allah
                                                                                                                                                1. Anyone who die fighting in a just war will go straight to heaven
                                                                                                                                                2. Bullying
                                                                                                                                                  1. Viollence without any just cause is wrong
                                                                                                                                                    1. It goes against situation ethics
                                                                                                                                                      1. God/Allah may punish them o judgment day
                                                                                                                                                        1. It does not fit Jesus teachings
                                                                                                                                                          1. It is wrong to hurt God's creation
                                                                                                                                                            1. Form of cruelty and Muslims should work to end cruelty
                                                                                                                                                            2. Conflict in Families
                                                                                                                                                              1. Burial: may not be able to be buried together due to being of different faiths
                                                                                                                                                                1. Alcohol: Want to go out with friends who drink and parents may disagree
                                                                                                                                                                  1. Diets: Hindu's donot eat beef so if a catholic marries a hindu theere may be disagreement abut diet
                                                                                                                                                                    1. Disagreement over where the children should be baptised and attend church
                                                                                                                                                                      1. Contraception: different views about whether to use them or not
                                                                                                                                                                      2. Just war
                                                                                                                                                                        1. Must be the last resort
                                                                                                                                                                          1. The methods used are proportional to the cause (no wmd for tiny island)
                                                                                                                                                                            1. Avoid killing civillians
                                                                                                                                                                              1. Being fought in the intention of bring peace
                                                                                                                                                                              2. The UN
                                                                                                                                                                                1. Set up to work for world and to maintain world peace
                                                                                                                                                                                  1. Aim to develop friendly relations among countries by resolving conflicts that have broken out
                                                                                                                                                                                    1. They try to prevent conflicts from starting by providing negotiators to talk out problelms
                                                                                                                                                                                      1. They send peacekeepers into troubled areas to maintain peace and order
                                                                                                                                                                                    2. Crime and Punishment
                                                                                                                                                                                      1. Is justice important
                                                                                                                                                                                        1. Most loving thing to do
                                                                                                                                                                                          1. Bible and qur'an teaches about equality whic justice allows
                                                                                                                                                                                            1. punished on Judgement day for not not treating everyone fairly and seeking justice
                                                                                                                                                                                              1. Jesus/ Muhammed fought for justice
                                                                                                                                                                                                1. Punishments for crimes
                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. Retribution
                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. Makes criminals suffer for what they have done
                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. The crime may not be their fault so they suffer for no reason
                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. The idea that criminals should pay for their crimes
                                                                                                                                                                                                        2. Deterrance
                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. people would be too scared to commit crimes
                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. The idea that the punishment should put people off committing another crime
                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. some may be unafraid of the punishment
                                                                                                                                                                                                              2. Reform
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. the idea that criminals should be taught not to commit crimes again
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. It is the only way the criminal will not commit a crime agin
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. there is nothing to stop the crime from happening in the first place
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2. Protection
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. Stops people from getting hurt and protects the weak who would suffer most from the crimes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. The idea that punishment should protect society from the criminals
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. Some criminals may not be dangerous so would not need this and this would not benefit them or stop them from committing crimes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2. Capital Punishment
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. For
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. Life for a life- retribution
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. Many religions support it (Christianity/Islam)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. It will act as a deterance
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. They have been immoral and sinned
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2. Against
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. Goes against the sanctity of life
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. Jesus taught to forgive and killing is not forgiving
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. It is inhumane and the Pope has critizised it
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. If wrong person killed then it cannot be corrected
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2. Health Problems and laws
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. Drugs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. laws
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. It is illegal to allow drugs to be taken or stored on your premises
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. The police can stop, detain and searching people suspected of taking or posesing drugs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. It is illegal to supply or offer an illegal drug
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. it is illegal to possess a controlled substance unlawfully
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2. health problems
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. cancer-smoking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. Change you image
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. dementia- smoking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. addiction- can not rely without it
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          2. Alcohol
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. laws
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. Children under 16 can go into a pub with an adult but not have an alcoholic drink
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. it is illegal to give an alcohlic drink to a child under 5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. Young people aged 16 or 17 can drink beer, wine or cider with a meal if it is bought and they are are accompanied by an adult
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. It is against the law for under 18s to purchase an alcoholic drink
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2. health problems
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. Accidents caused by dirnk driving
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. heart disease
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. liver problems
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. obesity
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        2. Muslims attitudes to...
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. Drugs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. It goes against the shariah law
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. If they are intoxicated they aren't being good khalifahs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. They will be punished on judgment day
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. Also drugs lead to further sin and further away from allah
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2. Alcohol
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. forbidden in Islam- punished on Judgment day
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. Those who pour or sell it will be punished
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. They believe it clouds judgment and turns people to sin against allah
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. Qur'an says that intoxicants are a means by which Sata tries to keep people from God
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2. Key Points
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. Muslims: Judgment day(+/-)/muhammad was againt it/Qur'an/Hadiths against it/sanctity of life/against Allah's plan/using knowledge allah gave us/2donot break the bones of the dead"/khalifahs/stewards
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. LP: situation ethics/bible/church leaders/lesser of two evils/Jesus' teachings/quality of life/judgment day (+)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. Cathaolic: Catechism,/bible/pope/Jesus/encylicals/church leaders/ten commandment/sanctity of life/Natural law/judgment day (-)
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