Orientation and Attention

Katarina Styrakova
Mind Map by Katarina Styrakova, updated more than 1 year ago
Katarina Styrakova
Created by Katarina Styrakova almost 6 years ago


handout to Lezak, M. D. et al. 2012. Orientation and Attention. In Lezak, M. D. et al. 2012. Neuropsychological Assessment. New York : Oxford University Press.

Resource summary

Orientation and Attention
1.1 impaired orientation for time & place - most common symptoms of brain disease
1.1.1 who-where-when questions = part of each neuropsy examination
1.2 TIME
1.2.1 average sensitivity but high specifity MMSE Temporal Orientation Test one of top three tests to distinguish dementia from pseudodementia
1.4 BODY
1.4.1 disorientation - autotopognosia Personal Orientation Test
1.4.2 Finger agnosia In-Between Test Finger Localization
1.4.3 Directional
1.5.1 Mental Transformations
1.5.2 Topographical Orientation
1.5.3 Spatial Dyscalculias
2.1 Capacity
2.1.1 Digit Span Forward
2.1.2 Sentence Repetition I, II
2.1.3 Corsi Block Tapping Test
2.2 Working Memory - Mental Tracking
2.2.1 Digit Span Backwards LBD - Aphasia - lower DB than in DF + lower DF than RBD
2.2.2 Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test - PASAT suitable only for highly functional individuals
2.2.3 Brown - Peterson Technique hold an Information while being engaged in distracting action Alzheimer, Parkinson, Korsakoff disease
2.3 Vigilance
2.3.1 click the button when X appears on the screen
2.4 Selectivity
2.4.1 Stroop Test LBD, L frontal lobe
2.5 Complex Attention Tests
2.5.1 Digit - Symbol Coding Test high senstivity to dementia
2.5.2 Symbol -Digit Modalities Test top predictor of decline of MCi to dementia
2.6 Distribution
2.6.1 Trail - Making Test TMT A connect numbers with a line (increasingly) reliable predictor of MCI to dementia TMT B numbers + letters
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