Geography

12mjlowe
Mind Map by , created about 6 years ago

Geography Mind Map on Geography, created by 12mjlowe on 10/12/2013.

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12mjlowe
Created by 12mjlowe about 6 years ago
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Geography
1 Map Skills
1.1 Grid Refrences
1.1.1 4 figure grid refrences

Annotations:

  • a 4 figure grid reference looks a bit like this 15,25
1.1.1.1 follow link to learn how
1.1.1.1.1 http://www.slideshare.net/igrant/4-figure-grid-references
1.1.2 6 figure grid references

Annotations:

  • this is when you find a 4 figure referance then you split the box where it is in to 10 then take them number and put them on the end so it look like this 231,555
1.1.2.1 follow link to learn how
1.1.2.1.1 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RS3NPYPj2dM
1.2 Land Marks
1.2.1 look at this map find a landmark near the park
1.2.1.1 there are many landmarks around this park this could help someone give directions to a place in this case a park
2 Natural Threats
2.1 Volcanoes

Annotations:

  • A volcano is a mountain that opens downward to a pool of molten rock below the surface of the earth. When pressure builds up, eruptions occur. Gases and rock shoot up through the opening and spill over or fill the air with lava fragments. Eruptions can cause lateral blasts, lava flows, hot ash flows, mudslides, avalanches, falling ash and floods. Volcano eruptions have been known to knock down entire forests. An erupting volcano can trigger tsunamis, flash floods, earthquakes, mudflows and rockfalls.
2.2 Tsunami

Annotations:

  • Tsunamis are huge waves of water that are usually caused by earthquakes or volcanic eruptions. As a tsunami approaches the shore, water may recede from the coast, if it is shallow enough the water may be pulled back hundred’s of metres. If you are in the area, observing this is a good indication that a tsunami is on the way. Regions in tsunami danger zones often have warning systems in place to give people as much time to evacuate as possible. When tsunamis hit shallow water (often near the coast) they slow down but increase in height. An earthquake in the Indian Ocean off Indonesia in December 2004 caused a tsunami that killed over 200000 people in 14 countries. More earthquake facts. In March 2011, the Tohoku earthquake off the eastern coast of Japan caused a tsunami that was a major factor in the death of over 15000 people. The tsunami waves created by the Tohoku earthquake reached heights of over 40 metres (131 feet) in some areas, wiping out coastal towns and causing a number of nuclear accidents. The Japanese word tsunami literally means ‘harbor wave’. Tsunamis are sometimes referred to as tidal waves but this term has fallen out of favour because tsunamis are not related to tides.
2.3 Earthquake

Annotations:

  • Earthquakes are the shaking, rolling or sudden shock of the earth’s surface. They are the Earth's natural means of releasing stress. More than a million earthquakes rattle the world each year. The West Coast is most at risk of having an earthquake, but earthquakes can happen in the Midwest and along the East Coast. Earthquakes can be felt over large areas although they usually last less than one minute. Earthquakes cannot be predicted - although scientists are working on it! 
2.4 Tornado

Annotations:

  • A tornado is a violent rotating column of air extending from a thunderstorm to the ground. The most violent tornadoes are capable of tremendous destruction with wind speeds of up to 300 mph. They can destroy large buildings, uproot trees and hurl vehicles hundreds of yards. They can also drive straw into trees. Damage paths can be in excess of one mile wide to 50 miles long. In an average year, 1000 tornadoes are reported nationwide.
2.5 Hurricane

Annotations:

  • A hurricane is a huge storm! It can be up to 600 miles across and have strong winds spiraling inward and upward at speeds of 75 to 200 mph. Each hurricane usually lasts for over a week, moving 10-20 miles per hour over the open ocean. Hurricanes gather heat and energy through contact with warm ocean waters. Evaporation from the seawater increases their power. Hurricanes rotate in a counter-clockwise direction around an "eye" in the Northern Hemisphere and clockwise direction in the Southern Hemisphere. The center of the storm or "eye" is the calmest part. It has only light winds and fair weather. When they come onto land, the heavy rain, strong winds and large waves can damage buildings, trees and cars. 
3 crime
3.1 basic of crime
3.1.1 what is crime

Annotations:

  • crime is an action that breaks the law
3.1.2 are all crime wrong

Annotations:

  •    some crimes are more serious than others.   
3.1.3 what are the types of crime
3.1.3.1 Crime against property

Annotations:

  •    Burglary  Theft  Handling  stolen goods  Criminal damage  Fraud & forgery  Counterfeiting  Drugs offences   
3.1.3.2 Motor vehicle crime

Annotations:

  •   Theft of a vehicle Theft from a vehicle  Traffic offences   
3.1.3.3 Environmental crime

Annotations:

  •   Dumping waste products  Pollution   
3.1.3.4 Crime against people

Annotations:

  •   Robbery  Assault  Murder  Rape  Sexual offences  Race hate incidents  Breaking health and safety laws   
3.2 impact of crime
3.2.1 rape

Annotations:

  • this can cause psychological impct to a person
3.2.2 burglary

Annotations:

  • sleepless nights

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