Oxides, Hydroxides and Ammonia

hannah.lou01
Mind Map by hannah.lou01, updated more than 1 year ago
hannah.lou01
Created by hannah.lou01 over 6 years ago
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Mind Map on Oxides, Hydroxides and Ammonia, created by hannah.lou01 on 10/13/2013.

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Oxides, Hydroxides and Ammonia
1 Metal Oxides and Metal Hydroxides Are Bases!
1.1 Some metal oxides and hydroxides dissolve in water/ These are alkalis
1.1.1 Even bases that won't dissolve in water will react with acids
1.2 All metal oxides and metal hydroxides react with ACIDS to form a salt and a water
1.2.1 Acid + Metal Oxide --> Salt + Water
1.2.1.1 Acid + Metal Hydroxide --> Salt + Water
1.2.1.1.1 NEUTRALISATION REACTIONS!
2 Combination of Metal anf Acid decides the Salt!
2.1 Hydrochorid acid + copper oxide = copper chloride + water
2.1.1 Hydrochloric acid + sodium hydorxide = sodium chloride + water
2.2 Sulphuric acid + zinc oxide = zinc sulfate + water
2.2.1 Sulfuric acid + calcium hydroxide = calcium sulfate + water
2.3 H2SO4 + ZnO --> ZnSO4 + H20
2.3.1 hn03 + koh --> kno3 + h20
3 Ammonia can be NEUTRALISED w/HNO2 to make fertiliser
3.1 Ammonia dissolves in h20 to make an alkaline solution
3.1.1 When it reacts with nitric acid, you get a neutral salt - ammonium nitrate
3.1.1.1 NH3 + HNO3 --> NH4NO3
3.1.1.1.1 AMMONIA + NITRIC ACID --> aMMONIUM NITRATE
3.1.1.1.1.1 Doesn't produce water -unusal!
3.1.1.1.1.1.1 Good fertiliser because it has nitrogen from two sources, the ammonia and the nitric acid - double dose!
3.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Plants need nitrogen to make proteins
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