OCCURANCE AND USES OF ZEOLITES

nadhhmazlan
Mind Map by nadhhmazlan, updated more than 1 year ago
nadhhmazlan
Created by nadhhmazlan over 6 years ago
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OCCURANCE

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OCCURANCE AND USES OF ZEOLITES
  1. INTRODUCTION
    1. CRYSTALLINE SOLID STRUCTURE MADE OF
      1. SILICON
        1. ALUMINIUM
          1. OXYGEN
          2. Form framework with cavities and channel inside where cation and water may reside
            1. Refer as molecular sieves
              1. Occur naturally as minerals
              2. USES
                1. 1) SHAPE
                  1. Selective heterogeneous catalyst
                  2. 2) ION EXCHANGE
                    1. Water softner in washing detergent
                    2. 3) ABSORPTION OF MOLECULES
                      1. Selective gas seperation
                        1. Gas chromatography
                          1. Industrial process
                          2. 4) SOLID ACID
                            1. Cracking selectivity hydrocarbon for fuel
                              1. Petrochemical intermidiate
                              2. 5)COMMERCIAL AND DOMESTIC
                                1. WATER PURIFICATION
                                  1. SOFTENING
                                  2. 6) AGRICULTURE
                                    1. Clinoptilolite-soil treatment which provide potassium
                                    2. 7) PETROCHEMICAL INDUSTRY
                                      1. Catalyst
                                        1. Fluid caytalytic cracking and hydro-cracking
                                      2. OCCURANCE
                                        1. Natural zeolite form when volacanic rocks and ash layer react with alkaline groundwater
                                          1. It crystallize in post-depositional environment over period time in shallow marine basins
                                            1. rarely pure and contiminate to :
                                              1. mineral
                                                1. metals
                                                  1. quartz
                                                  2. Exclude from comercial application because of its impurity
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