Transition Elements

Madeleine.Dc
Mind Map by Madeleine.Dc, updated more than 1 year ago
Madeleine.Dc
Created by Madeleine.Dc over 6 years ago
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GCE Chemistry (Transition Elements) Mind Map on Transition Elements, created by Madeleine.Dc on 10/17/2013.
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Transition Elements
1 d-block elements
1.1 Electrons are filling d orbitals
1.2 Highest energy sub shell is a d sub-shell
2 A d-block element that forms an ion with an incomplete d sub shell.

Annotations:

  • Scandium and Zinc are not classed as transition metals; as they have completely empty and completely full sub shells respectively. 
3 Electron Configurations
3.1 The arrangement of the electrons in an atom.
3.2 S:2, P:6, D:10, F:14
3.3 Follow the same pattern except chromium and copper
3.3.1 Chromium: 3d & 4s orbitals all contain one electron
3.3.2 Copper: 3d orbital full, but only 1 electron in 4s
3.3.3 Electron repulsions between outer electrons is minimised

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