The Three approaches to argument

Mind Map by tomsmi46, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by tomsmi46 over 6 years ago


This describes the approaches to argument, and points from 3 different ways

Resource summary

The Three approaches to argument
  1. The classical approach to argument
    1. Introduction- capture the readers attention, and urge the reader to consider reading your topic and idea
      1. Backround statement- state the key imformation, leading up to your case
        1. Propositions- The information or position your taking, based on the information that you gave, include important facts, and key points to prove you are right.
          1. The Proof- Is the Evidence and the support to discuss your reasoning. cite your information and where you got your info. from.
            1. Refutation- anticipates opposing viewpoints, then demonstrate why your choice is better than the opponent. Use his info, to better enhance your info.
              1. Conclusion- summarize, or gather your important imfo,include appealsand feelings, to end your argument for the reader.
    2. The toulmin approach to argument
      1. The Ground (or data)- is the basis for real persuasion, with strong facs, with reasoning behind your point/claim
        1. Warrant- this links the data and grounds both to the claim, making the claim more beleivable or legit and showing that the grounds are revelant.
          1. The backing, or the support gives support to the warrant by answering different questions, giving us more information to look at and helps support everything.
            1. The qualifier- indicates the strongness of your data, to the warrant, and may show how good your claim really is. The key her, is to have reliable information for the reader to make believable.
              1. Lastly the rebuttal. is a counter argument opposed to the opposition. In this, they fight against you, and you have to figure out a way to fight back or figure out what to say back to the oppsing group
      2. The rogerian approach to argument
        1. Introduction- Statement of your problem to be solved, or a question to be answered. Intro Paragraph
          1. Summary of opposing views- mention what arguments other people have against your case using an objective persona.
            1. Statement of Understanding- the understanding of opposing viewpoints, understand where they are comming from
              1. Statement your position- tell the reader your topic, or opinion and let them know your belief.
                1. Statement your idea- just give your audience a bunch of imnformation, with cited places of where you found your information
                  1. Statement of benefits- How can you use this, why is it better? or whi is it more important? (ETC)
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