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Erikson's Psychosocial Development


Child And Adolescent Development Mind Map on Erikson's Psychosocial Development, created by lynda_ashford_25 on 10/23/2013.
Mind Map by lynda_ashford_25, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by lynda_ashford_25 almost 9 years ago

Resource summary

Erikson's Psychosocial Development
  1. Infancy- birth-18 months
    1. Trust vs Mistrust
      1. Children develop a sense of trust when caregivers provide reliability, care and effection
        1. A lack of this leads to mistrust
    2. Early childhood- 2-3 years
      1. Autonomy vs Shame & Doubt
        1. Children need to develop a sense of personal control over physical skills and a sense of independence, leading to feelings of autonomy.
          1. Failure results in feelings of shame and doubt
      2. Preschool- 3-5 years
        1. Initiative vs Guilt
          1. Children need to begin asserting control and power over the environment. Success leads to a sense of purpose.
            1. Trying to exert too much power experience disapproval, resulting in guilt
        2. School age- 6-11 years
          1. Industry vs Inferiority
            1. Children need to cope with new social and academic demands. Success leads to a sense of competence
              1. Failure leads to feelings of inferiority
          2. Adolescence- 12-18 years
            1. Identity vs Role Confusion
              1. Teens need to develop a sense of self and personal identity. Success leads to an ability to stay true to yourself.
                1. Failure leads to role confusion and a weak sense of self
            2. Young Adulthood- 19-40 years
              1. Intimacy vs Isolation
                1. Young adults need to form intimate, loving relationships with other people. Success leads to strong relationships
                  1. Failure results in loneliness and isolation
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              Social Cognitive Learning Theories
              Jané Bekker
              Prenatal Periods
              Piaget's Cognitive Development Theory
              Theories of Developmental Psychology
              Theories of Attachment
              Theories of Motor Development
              Phases of Attachment
              Motor Development
              Theories of Language Development
              Prevalence Rates