Basic foundations of computational and logical thinking

peregrinakarla
Mind Map by peregrinakarla, updated more than 1 year ago
peregrinakarla
Created by peregrinakarla almost 6 years ago
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Basic foundations of computational and logical thinking
  1. CPU: (Central Process Unit), it works as the brain of the computer
    1. Hardware: electronic ad physical device
      1. Software: tells instructions step by step
        1. Microprocessor: operating, process
        2. RAM: (Random Acess Memory), stores temporary
          1. ROM: (Read Only Memory), stores permanently
            1. CMOSi: data, time, configurations, memory
              1. Cache: high speed memory, techniques and process
            2. MEMORY
            3. Bit: (Binary Digit), it is the smallest unit of a computer
              1. Unicode: Code used to represent languages
                1. ASCII: (American Standard Code for Information Interchange), code for 128 characters
                2. ALU: (Artithmetic Logical Unit), excecutes all the logical operations
                  1. Control Unit: instructions, controls all the memory, output/input devices
                    1. Output: gets you a result
                      1. Input: introduce information or data
                    2. DATA
                      1. Numerical Data, Alphabetic Data, Audovisual Data and Physical Data
                        1. Steps to process data: 1. Data entry 2. Data processing 3. Output Generations
                        2. There are two types of data: simple and complex
                        3. A variable is and identifier that represents the symbolic adress of a memory location
                          1. A constant is the value that can't be change during the problem resolution process
                            1. Abstraction refers to the process of eliminating what is not necessary
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