(2) Classification of pressure groups


A level People and Politics (Pressure groups) Mind Map on (2) Classification of pressure groups, created by Marcus Danvers on 11/08/2013.
Marcus  Danvers
Mind Map by Marcus Danvers, updated more than 1 year ago
Marcus  Danvers
Created by Marcus Danvers over 9 years ago

Resource summary

(2) Classification of pressure groups
  1. Sectional groups
    1. Sometimes defined as ‘interest groups’ or ‘protective groups’.
      1. They are defined by a common uniting feature of the group e.g. financial interests, social groups or other common interest e.g. a disease.
      2. Promotional groups
        1. Sometimes referred to as ‘issue groups’ or ‘cause groups’
          1. Defined by commonly-held beliefs or causes. The uniting feature may take many forms e.g. wildlife, child welfare.
            1. These groups tend to focus on interests that affect the whole community not just a section as with the previous group.
            2. Insider groups
              1. This definition was created by Wyn Grant, University of Warwick, and considers pressure groups from the perspective of their relationship with the political establishment, the government and civil service.
                1. This definition helps to explain how pressure groups behave and how successful they are.
                  1. Insider pressure groups have:
                    1. A close and established working relationship with government which give the group a type of legitimacy and is seen to be an advantage.
                      1. Close relationships with a government department and/or ministers and are regularly consulted. For example, early development and drafting of legislation. Such groups are called ‘core insiders’ because of their special status.
                        1. - Permanent representatives on permanent policy-advising committees.
                          1. Links (sometimes) with a political party e.g. unions have links with the Labour Party
                        2. Outsider groups
                          1. In contrast, these groups have not established links with government.
                            1. They are outside of the decision-making framework of government and not consulted.
                              1. They are less likely to have their views taken into account and this makes it more difficult for them to achieve success.
                                1. Why are outsiders ‘outsiders’?
                                  1. They are not established enough.
                                    1. They prefer outsider status as then they are not accountable for their actions.
                                      1. Outsiders have greater freedom to act as they wish, including illegal actions.
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