Behavioural Approach

gloriachan
Mind Map by gloriachan, updated more than 1 year ago
gloriachan
Created by gloriachan over 6 years ago
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Description

Hons Degree DD171 (Behavioural Approach to Counselling) Mind Map on Behavioural Approach, created by gloriachan on 11/10/2013.

Resource summary

Behavioural Approach
1 Behaviourism

Annotations:

  • features: problem solving, scientific way of changing undesirable behaviour
1.1 Features
1.1.1 objective
1.1.2 mesaurable
1.1.3 obserbable
1.1.4 disruptive behaviour can be explained and treated
1.2 Image of person
1.2.1 Impoverished or inadequate
1.3 Techniques
1.3.1 Behaviour Modification

Annotations:

  • - rewarding desirable behaviour  - more effective in controlled social environment like hospitals, schools, prisons but prone to corruption and abuse - making clients aware of behaviour and knowing how to change the behaviour
1.3.1.1 functional analysis
1.3.1.1.1 stop smoking
1.3.1.1.1.1 Classical Conditiong

Annotations:

  • - identifying stimuls (when and where the behaviour happens) - identifying behaviour (what they do when they smoke) - identifying consequences (rewarding or pleasurable experiences)
1.3.1.1.1.2 Operant Conditioning

Annotations:

  • the person use avoidance behaviour (fear) which is rewarded or re-inforced by relaxing feeling (new behaviour)
1.3.1.2 Case Studies
1.3.1.2.1 Bulimia

Annotations:

  • - monitoring and recording eating behaviour for a period of time - a new regime was set up
1.3.1.3 systematic desensitization
1.3.1.3.1 car crash victim

Annotations:

  • - reconditioning the emotional response (fear) - learn to associate a new response (relaxed) to the stimuls
1.3.1.4 Cognitive-Behaviour
1.3.1.4.1 Competitive sport performance anxiety
1.4 Skinner's Operant Conditioning

Annotations:

  • - punishment is only temporary suppression of the behaviour - long-term behaviour change is achieved by acquisition of new behaviour 
1.4.1 Functional analysis
1.5 Pavlov's Classical Conditioning

Annotations:

  • associate a new stimulus to an unconditioned stimulus in order to generate same reflex response to the original response
1.5.1 Systematic Desensitization
2 Cognitive-Behavioural Approach
2.1
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