Psychodynamic approch

gloriachan
Mind Map by , created about 6 years ago

Hons Degree DD171 (Psychodynamic Approach) Mind Map on Psychodynamic approch, created by gloriachan on 11/10/2013.

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gloriachan
Created by gloriachan about 6 years ago
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Psychodynamic approch

Annotations:

  • - All problems have origins in childhood experience - unconscious of true nature of motives of behaviour
1 Freud
1.1 oral stage

Annotations:

  • - feeling at this stage influence personality - emotions generated depending on if the infant's needs are met
1.2 anal stage

Annotations:

  • unable to express feelings or emotions
1.3 phallic stage

Annotations:

  • - longing for opposite sex parent caused sexual feelings to be repressed in fear of punishment from same sex parent - this sexual experience continues to affect relationship style in adult life
1.4 id 'it'

Annotations:

  • - primitive insticts - irrational - ultimate motives of behaviour
1.5 ego 'I'

Annotations:

  • rational
1.6 superego 'above I'

Annotations:

  • - rules and taboos - internalisation of parents' attitudes and belief
1.7 defence mechanism

Annotations:

  • protect ego from pressure caused by conflict with other regions
1.7.1 repression
1.7.2 denial
1.7.3 projection

Annotations:

  • attributing the feelings to the others rather than themselves
1.7.4 Displacement
1.7.5 reaction formation
1.7.6 sublimation
1.7.7 regression
2 Counsellor
2.1 unravel the motives which are disguised by defence mechanism
2.2 counter-transference
2.2.1 therapist's own personality
2.2.2 therapist's response to client's relationship
2.2.3 shared interpersonal reality
2.3 insights to maintain system
3 Features
3.1 development of personality in childhood influence adult life
3.2 transference (repeated destructive relationship pattern)
3.3 defence mechanism - protect inner self
3.4 counter-transference (helper's own feelings)
3.5 problems = unresolved developmental tasks
3.6 secure and consistent emotional attachment - crucial for mental health
3.7 unconscious
3.8 subjective
4 Techniques
4.1 transference

Annotations:

  • counsellor being a blank slate
4.2 analysis
4.3 free assocation
4.4 dreams
4.5 interpretation
4.6 arts/toys/tests/diaries
4.7 time-limited approach
4.7.1 assessment
4.7.2 alternative referral/treatment
4.7.3 IDE formula

Annotations:

  • I-interpersonal (issues from relationship) D-developmental (issues from psycho-social development) E-existential (aloneness, death) 
4.7.4 why now
4.7.5 identify and interpret transference as soon as it arises
5 Object Relations (Melanie Klein)

Annotations:

  • - quality of relationship with mother sets pattern in future relationship in adult life - splitting occurs to defend the love and hate feelings against the same object
6 attachment theory (Bolwby)

Annotations:

  • - internal working model similar to relations model but - emphasis on biological based mechanism - attachment style caused by significant others
6.1 Strange Situation (Mary Ainsworth)
6.1.1 secure
6.1.2 insecure-avoidant
6.1.3 insecure-ambivalent
6.1.4 insecure-disoriented
6.2 Adult Attachment Interview (Mary Main)
6.2.1 secure/automous
6.2.2 dismissing
6.2.3 preoccupied
6.2.4 unresolved disorganised
7 Conversational Model

Annotations:

  • - clients talking about their feelings is important - embrace traditional psychodynamic concepts (separation/loss), humanistic theory (growth, awareness), existential (aloneness/togetherness)
7.1 feeling words/metaphors
7.2 links between feelings and event
7.3 discovery of true voice

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