A christmas carol: The first spirit

Rashida Ali
Mind Map by Rashida Ali, updated more than 1 year ago
Rashida Ali
Created by Rashida Ali almost 5 years ago
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GCSE English literature Mind Map on A christmas carol: The first spirit, created by Rashida Ali on 09/20/2015.

Resource summary

A christmas carol: The first spirit
1 The ghost of Christmas past is the spirit that comes in the ambiguous form of a child with the appearance of an old man. He shows Scrooge the christmases of his childhood. We learn from this visitation that, as a boy, Ebenezer Scrooge was not such a bad chap but that it was a neglect of his father that set him on the road of being hard and self-centred.
2 Scrooges response before the arrival of the spirit
2.1 "He was endeavouring to pierce the darkness with his ferret eyes..."
2.2 "so he listened for the hour..."
2.3 "An icicle must have got into the clock works! Twelve!"
2.4 "The idea being an alarming one, he scrambled out of bed, and groped his way to the window."
2.5 "...it was so dark...he could hardly distinguish the transparent windows form the opaque walls..."
2.6 "This was a great relief because...'three days after sight of this first exchange pay to mr Ebenezer Scrooge or his order,' and so forth would have become a mere united states' security if there were no days to count by."
2.7 "Scrooge went to bed again, and thought, and thought and thought it over and over, and over, and he could make nothing of it."
2.8 "The more he thought, the more he perplexed he was; and the more he endeavoured not to think about it."
2.9 "Scrooge lay in this state until the chimes had gone...when he remembered, on a sudden, that the ghost had warned him of visitation when the bell tolled one."
2.10 "...this was perhaps the wisest resolution in his power
3 The hour
3.1 "The hour itself" said Scrooge triumphantly, 'and nothing else"
3.2 "The curtains of his bed were drawn aside.....unearthly visitor who drew them: as close to it as i am now to you, and i am standing in the sprit at your ellbow."
3.2.1 Dickens wants the reader to be scared by the spirit
4 The spirit
4.1 Supernatural, extraordinary, ghoulish, compelling, imposing, omnipotent, abnormal, knowledgable, intelligent, wise. understanding, kind and gentle First sign of hope for scrooge
4.1.1 "It was a strange figure- like a child: yet not so like a child as like an old man..."
4.1.2 "The arms were very long and muscular; the hands the same, as if it were of uncommon strength."
4.1.3 "And in wonder of this it would be itself again, distinct and clear as ever
4.1.4 "...from the crown of its head there sprung a bright clear jet of light."
4.1.5 "It wore a tunic of the purest white; and round its waist was bound a lustrous belt,"
4.1.6 "He then made bold to inquire what business brought him there. "you're welfare!' said the ghost.......'you're reclamation, then. Take heed!"
4.1.7 "The voice was soft and gentle."
4.1.8 "Rise! and walk with me!"........"I am a mortal,' Scrooge remonstrated, 'and liable to fall."
5 1. Scrooge as a small boy
5.1 "....the ghost 'A solitary child, neglected by his friends, is left there still.'
5.2 Scrooge is reflecting on the present, feeling guilty, ashamed , remoreseful
5.2.1 "Nothing. There was a boy singing a christmas carol at my door last night. I should like to have given him something thats all."
6 2. Scrooge as a youthful boy at boarding school
6.1 Scrooge is feeling uneasy about the present and the way he treats Fred, due to the love that is showered upon him by fan. Scrooge is also feeling pessimistic, melancholy, pitying
6.1.1 "...a little girl much younger than the boy... putting her arm around his neck, and often kissing him, addressed him as her 'Dear, dear brother."
6.1.2 "I have come to bring you home, dear brother!' said the child.....'To bring you home, home, home!"
6.1.3 "Said the child, brimful of glee. '....father is so much kinder than he used to be, the homes like heaven
6.1.4 "....'One child' Scrooge returned 'True' said the ghost 'you're nephew!' Scrooge seemed uneasy in his mind and answered briefly, 'Yes.'
7 3. Scrooge working as an apprentice at Fezziwigs
7.1 Scrooge once lived a normal, happy, fulfilling, joyous, merry, obedient life. This makes Scrooge understand that he should appreciate the people around him
7.1.1 "....said Fezziwig. 'No more work tonight......christmas Ebenezer! Let's have the shutters up' cried old fezziwig..."
7.1.2 "In came all the young men and women employed in the business. In came the cook, with her brother's particular friend, the milkman."
7.1.3 "The happiness he gives is quite as great as if it cost a future."
7.1.4 "Scrooge had acted....His heart and soul were in the scene, and with his former self. He......enjoyed everything
8 4. Belle breaks of her engagement with Scrooge
8.1 Scrooge does not want to remember the event as it is a moment of realisation. Scrooge sees himself evolve from ambition of money
8.1.1 "our contract is an old one. It was made when we were both poor and content to be so.......you ARE changed. When it was made you were another man.' 'I was a boy' he said impatiently.
8.1.2 "Spirit' said Scrooge, 'show me no more....why do you delight to torture me?'
8.2 "....'Another idol has displaced me;.'.....'What idol has displaced you?' he rejoined. 'A golden one'.
9 5. Belle has moved on in life, as ahe has a family
9.1 Scrooge is feeling remorseful, sorrowful, ashamed, apologetic, grieved, hurt, upset
9.1.1 "...there were more children there, than Scrooge in his agitated state of mind could count;.....they were not forty children conducting themselves like one, but every child was conducting itself like forty."
9.1.2 "...the mother and daughter laughed heartily, and enjoyed it very much."
9.1.3 "And now scrooge looked on more attentively than ever, when the master of the house, having his daughter leaning fondly on him."
9.1.4 "...said the husband turning to his wife with a smile 'i saw an old friend of yours'..... 'Mr scrooge it was...Quite alone in the world i do believe.'
9.1.5 " 'Remove me!' Scrooge exclaimed 'I cannot bear it
9.1.5.1
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