Superior Agriculture Societies

Milena Argüello
Mind Map by Milena Argüello, updated more than 1 year ago
Milena Argüello
Created by Milena Argüello almost 5 years ago
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Flow chart about superior agricultural societies in Ecuador

Resource summary

Superior Agriculture Societies
1 Tolita: The culture Tolita appeared Ecuador from 500 B.C until 500 A.C There are two important settlements of this culture, the first one is located in the Tumaco Bay, Colombia, and the other in the island of La Tolita, Ecuador. On the Ecuadorian side, we can see lots of artificial mounds or tolas, as well as archaeological remains of pottery and gold work.
1.1 Now, with regard to their economic and social organization, research suggests that the economy of La Tolita was based on Agriculture: the predominant products were maize and cassava. Also they practiced hunting and the extraction of resources of the sea.
2 Bahia: The Bahía culture developed between 500 BCE–500 CE, it was a pre-Columbian culture in Ecuador. Bahía culture originated in what is now the Manabí Province on the Pacific Coast, and spread to Bahía de Caráquez and to the Andean foothills. Their ceramic tradition is one of the first found north of the Andes.
2.1 Chirije, a seaport, was a major Bahía archaeological site discovered by Emilio Estrada in the 1950s. Merchants traded finished goods and Spondylus princeps or red spiny oyster shells south to Chile and north as far as Mexico in exchange for precious materials such as copper and gold.
3 Jama-Coaque: The Jama-Coaque culture inhabited areas between Cabo San Francisco in Esmeraldas, to Bahía de Caráquez, in Manabi, in an area of wooded hills and vast beaches of their immigrant who facilitated the gathering of resources of both the jungle and the ocean.
4 Guangala: The Guangala culture (100 BC - 800 AD) spread along the beaches and island forms in South Manabi and in the mayor of the Santa Elena Peninsula. Its main towns were those at the mouths of rivers . Their technology is reflected in the construction of barricades or earth dams to collect water from low rainfall seasons, in order to irrigate their crops longer.
5 Napo: The Napo culture (1200 d.C – 1600 d. C) lived on the banks of the river Napo society like other cultures hierarchical .It was engaged in ceramics and his language was Quechua. Their ceramics were bowls , jugs , cups , pieces But Featured son funerary urns . The decoration was polychrome painting ( white, red and black ) , some cases they ad incisions or excisions.
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