Typhoon Haiyan

Melissa Cheung
Mind Map by , created almost 6 years ago

A Level (First Year) Geography Mind Map on Typhoon Haiyan, created by Melissa Cheung on 11/23/2013.

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Melissa Cheung
Created by Melissa Cheung almost 6 years ago
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Typhoon Haiyan
1 Where did it take place?
1.1 Originated from an area of low pressure several hundred kilometers South-East of Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia
1.1.1 Last seen: Guangxi Province, China
1.2 Several hours later, the eye of the cyclone made its first landfall in the Philippines
1.2.1 At Guiuan, Eastern Samar
1.2.2 Turning northwestward, it eventually struck Haiphong, Northern Vietnam
2 When did it happen?
2.1 First formed on Nov.2
2.2 Became a tropical storm on Nov.4
2.2.1 Began a period of rapid intensification that brought it to typhoon intensity by Nov.5
2.2.1.1 Passed over to Central Philippines on Nov.7
2.2.1.2 The Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) assessed the system as a Category 5-equivalent super typhoon on the Saffir-Simpson hurricane wind scale
2.2.1.3 Passed over the island of Kayangel in Palau on Nov.6
2.2.1.4 Hit North Vietnam on Nov.10
3 What caused it?
3.1 Climate Change
3.1.1 Both political leaders and climatologists back this
3.1.2 The potential intensity of tropical storms does increase with warmer sea surface temperatures
3.1.2.1 However could be counteracted by the apparent increase in the strength of shearing wind
4 Which areas were...
4.1 Most affected
4.1.1 Central Philippines
4.1.1.1 Was hit by winds of up to 270km/h
4.1.1.2 Bohol
4.1.1.3 Leyte
4.1.1.3.1 22,658 injured
4.1.1.3.2 4,919 deaths
4.1.1.3.3 Tacloban
4.1.1.4 Cebu
4.2 Least affected
4.2.1 South Philippines
4.2.1.1 Islands below Cebu were further away from the typhoon's path
5 What measures are in place to help rescue/ support survivors?
5.1 The UN
5.1.1 Issued an appeal for $300m (£190m), and has released $25 million in emergency funds to provide immediate assistance
5.1.1.1 About 286,000 people are being housed in 993 evacuation centres
5.2 French-Belgian and Israeli field hospitals have been set up
6 Which agencies are involved in aid/rescue operations?
6.1 The United States
6.1.1 $20m (£12.4m) in humanitarian aid
6.1.2 Impact Nations
6.1.2.1 Feed the hungry, install water filters, do construction and provide medical care
6.1.2.2 $25,000 for Tacloban City
6.2 Disasters Emergency Committee
6.2.1 £57 million
6.2.2 Catholic aid agency for England and Wales (CAFOD)
6.2.2.1 Helped 361,000+ people
6.2.2.1.1 Including those in Palo and Ormoc
6.2.2.2 Delivering shelter kits to people
6.2.3 British Red Cross
6.2.3.1 Delivered basic food aid, which includes rice, canned goods, sugar, salt and cooking oil
6.2.3.1.1 Working on Samar, Leyte and Cebu
6.2.3.1.2 Helped over 88,000 people
6.2.4 Oxfam
6.2.4.1 Provides water and hygiene kits to people in Daan Bayatan and Tanauan
6.2.4.2 Helped 37,000 people
7 What were the impacts?
7.1 Death toll: 5,230+
7.1.1 According to UN officials, about 11 million people have been affected
7.1.1.1 More than 580,000 people in Philippines were displaced by the storm
7.1.1.1.1 Early estimates of the economic cost are about $15 billion
7.2 Nov. 13, Red Cross estimated that 22,000 people were missing
7.3 Other Hazards
7.3.1 Landfalls
7.3.1.1 Guiuan in Eastern Samar
7.3.1.1.1 Many buildings were destroyed, trees knocked over or broken, and cars piled up
7.3.2 Storm Surges
7.3.2.1 Leyte and Samar
7.3.2.1.1 The terminal building of Tacloban Airport, Leyte was destroyed by a 5.2 m (17 ft) storm surge
7.3.3 Flooding
7.3.3.1 Surigao City
7.3.3.1.1 Flooding also extended for 1 km (0.62 mi) inland on the east coast of Tacloban
7.3.4 Earthquakes
7.3.4.1 Cebu and Iloilo
7.3.4.1.1 Magnitude 7.2
8 Were the Philippines aware of the oncoming hazard?
8.1 Nov.6: Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) raised Public Storm Warning Signal (PSWS) No. 1
8.1.1 Lowest of 4 levels
8.1.2 Given to much of the Visayas and Mindanao
8.1.3 Warnings increased in severity for eastern areas
8.1.4 By Nov.7, PSWS No. 4 was raised for...
8.1.4.1 Biliran Island
8.1.4.2 Eastern Samar
8.1.4.3 Samar
8.1.4.4 Leyte
8.1.4.5 Northern Cebu
8.1.4.6 Southern Luzon
8.1.5 Classes were canceled + residents in flood and landslide-prone areas were required to evacuate
8.1.6 Nov.8: the International Charter on Space and Major Disasters was activated, providing widespread charitable satellite coverage to relief organizations

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