10 Degher & Hughes generated a model of the identity change process through
recognizing and placing their status. They found evidentiality of status and different
roles of cues have a relationship. This can help understanding of how institutionally
promoted identity change occurs.; deviants have a low degree of self-evidentiality.
11 Weinberg, Williams, & Pryor's study of the identity career form the basis for
the development for more sophisticated models of deviance.
12 McLorg & Taub's study shows that rather the utilizing predetermined standards of
inclusion, it allows respondents to construct their own reality. Social processes involved in
developing identities comprise the sequence of conforming behavior, primary/secondary
deviance. The framework of labeling theory & effects of stigmatization is elucidated.
13 Opsal's study of deviant identity show when the stigma of a criminal
record is challenged through narrative identity talk (prosocial cultural
values/stories/characters), deviants create a "new" self.
14 Scully & Marolla's study examines disavowal techniques, the repertoire of
culturally available neutralizing accounts, & analyze the connection
between types of accounts & the way sexual offenders locate blame
15 Cromwell & Thurman's study of deviants rationalizations that public
will find familiar., drawing from "techniques of naturalization." This
helps deflect the labeling process and the deviant identity.
16 Bemiller's study reveals the hierarchy of gender stratification
of hypermasculine, androgynous, gay, and then women.
17 Davis' study documents the stigma cast upon those who see themselves
as having a disjuncture between how they see themselves & how they
externally appear. It shows how deviants manage the stigma of
wanting/claiming a deviant physical status that they don't have.
17.1 Moral identity is not a binary state rather a continuum.,
working at interpersonal & institutional levels.
18 Khanna & Johnson's study examines the way people engage in covering
up/diminishing the relevance of a known identity to accent an alternative/more
acceptable identity by highlighting existence/relevance to situation/group.
19 Roschelle & Kaufman's study on why people go out of their way to avoid
the stigmatized. The "vocabulary or attribution" assigns blame to them
based on individual failures rather than unequal opportunity of society.
20 Thompson's study shows that suppoort groups are rehearsals rather than
performances. This supports Goffman's theory on instruction of management.