1.3 Peers- Like colleagues but w/o minimal division of labor
1.4 Crew- 3+ ppl conduct sophisticated deviance
1.5 Formal Organizations- large crews, often global
2 White Collar Crime- focuses on corporate
crime rather than street crime
2.1 Occupational Crime- Individuals
acting on own behalf (employee, tax
2.2 Organizational Crime-
committed by formal
goal for company
3 Drug Use & Diordered Eating Among College Women-
Katherine Vecitis concluded college women misuse
prescription drugs as loners rather than interact with other
users. Street users are opposite and encourage use.
4 Cybercommunities of Self-Injury- Adler & Adler
studied & concluded that internet offers
separation & connection. Ppl can create their
own culture. Self-Injurers have a double life-
closed to normal interaction, open to internet.
5 On/Off-line Hacker Subcultures- Holt
concluded that hacker subculture
conceals blantant deviance. Online
lacks uniformity & normal
categorization. Offline is lacking
discussion & not often done.
6 Gender & Victimization Risk among young
Women in Gangs- Jody Miller studied & concluded
women in gangs willingly traded for victimization
within group but protection from ext
7 Arena studied Hezbollah's global criminal operations. He
concluded gradual decrease in state sponsorship of
terrorism has forced terrorist orgs to seek alternative
funding. Created a worldwide network to support criminal
enterprise. Hezbollah is well prepared bc of this.
8 Elizabeth Bradshaw studied State-Corporate
crime in the offshore oil industry. She concluded
that the BP Oil Spill was motivated differential
association theory: opportunity bc of close
interactions between gov & industry to provide
profit goal at expense of safety; lack of social
control causing untold enviornmental damage.