Clause Help

Sara Klucking
Mind Map by Sara Klucking, updated more than 1 year ago
Sara Klucking
Created by Sara Klucking about 6 years ago


Grammar help for adverb, noun, and relative clauses.

Resource summary

Clause Help
  1. Noun
    1. must contain a subject and a verb
      1. take the place of a noun, meaning that you can test for a noun clause by replacing it with a pronoun (usually: it, someone, or something)
        1. introduced by a limited number of words
          1. interrogatives: who, whoever, whom, whomever, what, whatever (diagrammed as nouns); which, whose (diagrammed as adjectives); when, where, why, how (diagrammed as adverbs)
            1. expletives: if, that, whether, whether or not, (diagrammed above the verb of the noun clause with a dotted line drawn to that verb)
            2. performs the usual function of a noun: subject, subjective complement, object of preposition, direct object, indirect object, objective complement, appositive
            3. Adverb
              1. contains a subject and a verb
                1. answers an adverb question: when, where, why, how
                  1. usually be moved as a whole to another location in a sentence without changing the meaning of a sentence
                    1. begins with a subordinating conjunction: after, although, though, as, because, before, even though, if, once, since, so that, unless, until, when, whenever, where, wherever, whereas, wether or not, while
                      1. helpful hint: when trying to determine what type of clause you have before you remember that a noun clause can be replaced by a single word noun, or a pronoun, and that an adverb clause can move
                        1. don't confuse coordinating and subordinating conjunctions: a coordinating conjunction can only be FANBOYS
                      2. Relative
                        1. are used to give additional information about something without adding another sentence
                          1. contains subject and verb
                            1. adjective clause that relates to or modifies the noun that it follows
                              1. can be introduced by a relative pronoun: who, whom, whose, which, that OR can be introduced by a relative adverb: when, where, why
                              2. Paige and Sara Marie "BFF's 5 ever, cause that's more than 4 ever"
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