Essay 1

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Essay 1
1 CONCEPTS / KEY WORDS
1.1 GAINING KNOWLEDGE
1.1.1 The process and methodology of generating knowledge
1.1.2 Knowledge is the information that is gained through theoretical or practical understandings of a subject. Knowledge is justified and supported by strong evidence.
1.2 NETWORK
1.2.1 Interaction, interconnectedness and how the WOKs work together in an AOK in order to generate knowledge
1.3 USES
2 Areas of Knowledge
2.1 MATHS
2.1.1 An AOK that uses clear, logical processes to come to a justified conclusion. These processes have been created through the use of axioms and postulates.
2.2 HISTORY
2.2.1 The study of past events. NOT past events itself.
2.3 THE ARTS
2.3.1 The application of creativity and imagination into producing meaningful works. Typically visual arts (painting, sculptures) but also dance, music, literature.
3 Ways of Knowing
3.1 Choose 2 WOKs and explore within 2 AOKs
3.2 REASON
3.2.1 The use of logic and processes to come to a judgement supported by justifications.
3.3 LANGUAGE
3.3.1 Language is the tool of communication used by humans. It allows communication through various media such as verbal or written or visual language and has many forms of languages that are unique to a culture.
4 Adrija
5 MAIN IDEA OF QUESTION
5.1 During the process of generating knowledge, the AOKs use variety of WOKs that interconnect and interact with each other in order to create knowledge claims.
5.1.1 How do the WOKs interact with each other and how does it impact upon the KCs made?
6 KNOWLEDGE CLAIMS & COUNTER CLAIMS
6.1 Knowledge Claim 1
6.1.1 Without language, reason cannot be expressed as language is a universal way of knowing that surrounds all the others, therefore knowledge cannot be generated. The interaction between language and reason is very important to both areas of knowledge, though to different extents. there is a deeper and essential interaction between the two ways of knowing in maths rather than the arts.
6.1.1.1 In math, reason is a fundamental part of the AOK as it is based upon the logical processes that reason incorporates. However, in order to express and fully generate knowledge, the reason must be explained using language. Without the use of language, there would be no expression, therefore generation of knowledge in maths depends greatly on the interaction of language and reason.
6.1.1.1.1 In order to fully convey the logical processes, language must be used. Therefore, there are many examples used to describe this process. For example, when using calculus to differentiate the values and the equations given, there needs to be an element of language in order for the individual to understand the concepts. In maths class in school, proper language and not just symbols was required in order for the students to fully grasp the concept of calculus. Otherwise, there were symbols that were not understood, making the topic very difficult. Therefore, while there is a specific language for maths that can be used, not all people understand this language and proper words are often required for explanations.
6.1.1.1.1.1 Another good example of how language is important is when people explain how 1 = 0.9999999999 recurring infinitively. Many people do not understand nor believe how this is possible, which necessitates words to explain the reason behind this claim. The interaction between language and reason allows for the debate about how "the left side represents the beginning of mathematics; the right side represents the mysteries of infinity." (Steven Strogatz of Cornell University).
6.1.1.1.1.1.1 http://www.livescience.com/26680-greatest-mathematical-equations.html
6.1.1.1.2 Example: When using calculus to differentiate the values and the equations given, there needs to be an element of language in order for the individual to understand the concepts. In maths class in school, proper language and not just symbols was required in order for the students to fully grasp the concept of calculus. Otherwise, there were symbols that were not understood, making the topic very difficult.
6.1.1.2 In the arts, there is less of a interaction between reason and language as a majority of individuals believe that there is no relationship between the arts and reason. The arts are an area of knowledge that does not include nor incorporate the use of reason in its creation nor in the creation of knowledge claims about the artwork.
6.1.1.2.1 This is because there is more elements of personal knowledge that influences the way that artwork can be interpreted and influences the claims that are made. Consequently, this causes the claims about the artwork, about its message or its meaning to an individual, to differ slightly depending on the person developing and exploring the claim.
6.1.2 Counter Claim 1
6.1.2.1 In the arts, there is reason used and needing the interaction of language to communicate itself. Even though many people think that there is no reason in the arts, creating knowledge claims about artwork requires logical processes and the ability to communicate when presenting ideas in order for the claims to be fully justified and believed by other people.
6.1.2.1.1 Without language, claims and reason in the arts would not be able to be communicated and therefore, there is a limitation of the reliability and believability of the claim.
6.1.2.2 The language of maths is also important to the interaction between language and reason.
6.1.2.2.1 This allows for mathematicians to fully communicate their ideas in a standard method without leaving any room for misunderstandings or miscommunications. The language is understandable globally for people who are knowledgeable in the areas of knowledge, which makes it easier to communicate. While it is true that many people cannot understand this language, mathematicians, scientists and individuals who are experienced in the field of mathematics can understand the language. This is most important as they are the ones who are creating and exploring knowledge claims.
6.2 Knowledge Claim 3
6.2.1 The language that is used to convey the WOK, reason, is different for different groups of individuals. The meanings of the reason can vary due to connotations and more specifically, the meanings of the language used to the individual. Therefore, it changes how reason is communicated and also the claims that are made and accepted.
6.2.1.1 In the arts, there is are claims relating to the design of the artwork, including about the use and important of color as an element of the main theme or message. These claims can change depending on the perception and language of the individual. Their knowledge relating to color can change depending on their language as some languages refer to colors in different ways than others.
6.2.1.1.1 For example, in some cultures and languages, there are different categories and perceptions on color. In English and some other languages such as Polish, there are two separate categories for blue and green. However, in the Himba tribe in Namibia, Africa, the language used has only one word, "zoozu" for all dark colors such as dark blue, dark green, dark red, etc. There is also only one word that encompasses all red shades of colors, "serandu". In many countries where the language includes many different shades and hues of one general color, such as red, there is a clearer perception of hues rather than when the language does not have words for different hues. These languages make it harder for there to be very precise claims made about the use of color, but instead has a more general view on this topic. Hence, there cannot be complete translation and communication between two different languages with deferent perspectives on color.
6.2.1.1.1.1 This then impacts upon reason as a way of knowing as there cannot be full and complete understanding of the reason used because of the differences in language. Translation is not impossible, but there are elements of the reason used and the claims made that can be lost due to the imprecise translation of the original language.
6.2.1.1.1.1.1 This impacts upon the claims that are made because the interaction between them refers to the way in which reason and language can be affected by the other way of knowing. There may be dissension if a claim references the use of color in an artwork, but also uses terminology that may not exist in other languages. Due to this interaction, claims made can be different or not accepted as true because this interaction was not fully reliable and understandable.
6.2.1.1.1.2 http://www.apa.org/monitor/feb05/hues.aspx
6.2.1.2 Example: In the Himba tribe in Namibia, Africa, the language used has only one word, "zoozu" for all dark colors such as dark blue, dark green, dark red, etc. There is also only one word that encompasses all red shades of colors, "serandu".
6.2.2 Counter Claim 3
6.2.2.1 In maths, there is a specific language that is used and understood. This language uses symbols and letters that are subject-specific in the context of maths and are universally used. This prevents misunderstandings or unclear reason when communicating ideas. By using this particular language, people globally can understand the ideas presented and the logical steps shown can be understood without miscommunication.
6.2.2.1.1 Counter Counter Claim 3
6.2.2.1.1.1 However, there is the problem that some maths processes need to explained in prose or in a language using non-symbolic forms. When this occurs, there is still the chance of miscommunication or connotations may result in different meanings found in the presented ideas. This is important to note as these incorrect misperceptions can cause there to be wrong data and ideas to be presented to a global audience.
6.3 Knowledge Claim 2
6.3.1 Counter Claim 2
6.3.1.1 The relationship between reason and language differs in both areas of knowledge which impacts upon the extent of the impact on the knowledge claims.
6.3.2 Works in the Arts can be used to create knowledge claims about the artwork, the artist or the time period during which it was created or about. This changes the way people perceive the claim. The language used can have different ideas about the artwork being brought up. Therefore, when one individual brings their own interpretation, others may have different interpretations or disagree with the individual. However, there is more accuracy in claims made in maths because of the straightforward methods used.
6.3.2.1 The arts are more open to interpretation than maths. This causes there to be many possible conclusions, however they need reason to make their claim sound and believable. In order for this to happen, correct language needs to be used that can properly depict the claim and explain it in a way that is clearly understandable.
6.3.2.1.1 The language that is used as a source for prompting reason to come to knowledge claims impact upon how the reason is understood, therefore impacts on the knowledge claim. This impact can occur because the language used can mean different things to the person who uses it as a source of evidence.
6.3.2.1.1.1 For example, the poem, "Stopping By Woods On A Snowy Evening" by Robert Frost has many interpretations because of the language used. This language prompts logical thinking which leads to a claim being created. One claim made about this poem is that the central theme is about a man appreciating and loving nature, whereas an alternative interpretation is that is is about death and suicide. This interpretation depends on the connotations of the language for the individual and personal knowledge as well.
6.3.2.1.1.1.1 The line "miles to go before I sleep" refers to Frost having burdens upon him, whereas another interpretation is that there was a long life and career left for Frost.
6.4 Conclusion
6.4.1 In conclusion, there are different levels of impact on both the arts and maths due to the interaction between language and reason. This interaction can impact upon knowledge claims in different ways such as their reliability, their acceptance and their justifications. There are many other ways of knowing that also interact within these two areas of knowledge and others. These interactions can have impacts upon the views of the world and the claims that are made about it. Therefore, the global community should be aware as there could be miscommunications and debates about a claim that was created.
7 Knowledge Question
7.1 To what extent does the generation of knowledge rely on the interaction between language and reason in the arts and math?
7.1.1 How methodology of gaining knowledge relies on both WOKs working together
7.1.2 Rely : the dependence on something.
7.1.2.1 The generation of knowledge depends on the interaction between the WOKs
7.2 To what extent does the use of language and reason influence the knowledge gained in history and math?
7.2.1 How using WOKs impact on knowledge gained
7.3 To what extent does the interaction of the reason and language impact upon the creation of knowledge claims in math and history?
7.3.1 How both WOKs working together impacts on how the KCs are made
7.4 To what extent does the interaction of language and reason differ when generating knowledge claims in history and math?
7.4.1 Compare the interaction of WOKs when creating KCs
7.5 To what extent can the way that language and reason are used when creating knowledge claims differ in math and history?
7.5.1 Compare the methods of using WOKs in each AOK
7.6 To what extent does the interaction of language and reason impact upon the knowledge claims made in the arts and math?
7.6.1 How both WOKs working together impact upon what KCs are made
7.7 Ideas
7.7.1 Language is used to communicate reason and express the ideas that come from the process of reason
7.7.2 Language prompts reason through connotations and nuances
7.7.2.1 Language without connotations can have few logical steps coming from it as they have fewer possible options for possible meanings of consequent processes.
7.7.2.2 Language with more than one connotation has a variety of steps that can be consequently followed in a logical manner to come to knowledge claims being made.
7.7.3 Language changes the way reason can be interpreted in knowledge claims due to connotations (as mentioned) and due to the language used by each person. It is also affected by a person's understanding of the subject and language.
7.7.3.1 The language that a person uses is different from others and unique to their culture and country. This can change the meaning of knowledge claims as there are words in certain languages that do not exist in others.
8 KQ: To what extent does the interaction of language and reason impact upon the knowledge claims made in the arts and math?
9 Many people think that the arts do not include reason and maths does not have imagination in order to produce an end result.
10 Structure of Essay
10.1 Introduction
10.1.1 KC 1
10.1.1.1 CC 1
10.1.1.1.1 KC 2
10.1.1.1.1.1 CC 2
10.1.1.1.1.1.1 KC 3
10.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 CC 3
10.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 CCC 3
10.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1 Conclusion
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