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CONSEQUENCES OF THE IRAN- IRAQ WAR

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The consequences of the Iran-Iraq War
11millsm
Mind Map by 11millsm, updated more than 1 year ago
11millsm
Created by 11millsm over 6 years ago
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CONSEQUENCES OF THE IRAN- IRAQ WAR
  1. FAILURE
    1. No Winner
      1. Saddam and Khomeini stayed in power
      2. Neither Iraq nor Iran fulfilled their war aims
        1. No change in the border between the countries
          1. Pre-war state was restablished
        2. No Diplomatic change
          1. Western Powers aligned against Iraq in the first Gulf War
        3. EFFECTS ON POPULATION
          1. Devastation for both sides
            1. DEATH TOLLS
              1. Iraq
                1. 250-500 Million Died
                  1. Population of 17 Million
                  2. Iran
                    1. 1 Million Died
                      1. Population of 50 Million
                      2. 2% of each population dead
                        1. Many others were also damaged
                          1. Psychologically Damaged
                            1. Physically Wounded
                      3. ECONOMIC DAMAGE
                        1. Iran had less debt
                          1. Still faced bankruptcy
                            1. However, its oil revenues had halved too
                              1. Now $10 Billion
                            2. Iraq had been transformed
                              1. In 8 years, it went from one of the Richest countries down to a bankrupt state
                                1. Owed $80 Billion in Foreign Debt
                                  1. Annual oil revenues were halved
                                    1. Now $11 Billion
                                2. Social Projects had to stop
                                  1. To make way for austerity
                              2. CLAIM FOR VICTORY
                                  1. Saddam Hussein claimed victory of the war
                                    1. Stopped Islamic Revolution spreading
                                      1. Interrupted Khomeini from 'toppling' his regime
                                        1. Survival = Victory
                                        2. Monument built to celebrate
                                          1. The Swords of Qudisyah, Baghdad
                                            1. Two crossed swords held by bronze fists
                                              1. However, he realised he needed to increase wealth in Iraq
                                                1. To satisfy the population
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