features of conversation - discourse features

molls shaw
Mind Map by molls shaw, updated more than 1 year ago
molls shaw
Created by molls shaw about 4 years ago


a level english language (analysing spoken language) Mind Map on features of conversation - discourse features, created by molls shaw on 11/27/2015.

Resource summary

features of conversation - discourse features
1 adjacency pairs
1.1 two utterances where the first utterance gets an expected response (eg greeting/greeting, question/answer). you expect a certain response
2 back channeling
2.1 non-verbal utterance to show attention or agreement eg: mmm. yeah, ok
3 deictic expressions
3.1 pointers that refer the listener backwards, forwards, or outside a text. pointing words in a perceptual, temporal or spatial dimension. eg words like 'this' 'that' 'here' 'there'
4 discourse markers
4.1 signal shift in conversation and topic areas. can also introduce a counter agrument eg ok, right, so, but
5 discourse pragmatic markers
5.1 phrases which support interaction but do not generally add any specific semantic meaning to the message. eg: you know, i mean, you see, well, yeah, like, innit
6 ellipsis
6.1 omission of words for economical purposes, as appropriate to informal contexts or to avoid awkward repitition eg: just seen jack (elipsis: i've); tonight 8pm (ellipsis: i'll meet you at...)
7 false starts/repairs
7.1 a speaker will start to speak, pause then recommence (it began er arsenal kicked off the second half (false start -it began). a repair returns to correct a previously stated phrase or sentence (eg he, sorry she broke the vase (repair she from he)
8 fillers
8.1 non-verbal sounds, can act like pauses either naturally or to give a speaker thinking time. may also signal speaker uncertainty
9 hedging
9.1 a strategy used to avoid being direct: eg kind of, sort of, maybe, perhaps, possibly and modal verbs such as will, could, might
10 non-fluency features
10.1 non-verbal occurrences, eg micro pauses, hesitations and repetitions that occur in spontaneous speech
11 prosodics
11.1 features such as tone of voice, volume, pitch etc which affect how a message is received
12 skip connectors
12.1 return to a previous topic of conversation, essentially a type of discourse marker eg anyway, coming back to our original discussion
13 tag questions
13.1 a question converted from a statement by an appended interrogative formula. eg: you did really well, didnt you? it was tomorrow, wasnt it?
14 vague expressions
14.1 similar to hedging, deliberately non-committal expression in informal contexts eg, anything, something, thing
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