Nutrient Basics

Timothy Ramer
Mind Map by Timothy Ramer, updated more than 1 year ago
Timothy Ramer
Created by Timothy Ramer about 5 years ago
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Nutrient Basics
1 Nutrients in food
1.1 Used to:
1.1.1 Make energy
1.1.2 Regulate body funtions
1.1.3 Build or repair tissue
1.1.4 Over all help you grow
1.2 6 Essential Nutrients
1.2.1 Water
1.2.1.1 The most basic and important nutrient that your body CAN'T live without
1.2.2 Carbohydrates
1.2.2.1 2 types of carbs include: Simple and complex
1.2.2.1.1 Both provide dietary fiber and energy.
1.2.2.1.1.1 More readily available
1.2.2.1.2 Simple carbs have a high calorie count but low nutritional value
1.2.2.1.3 Complex carbs are full of minerals
1.2.2.2 Food sources include: Candy,soda,jelly,fruits,juices,milk and yogurt
1.2.3 Protein
1.2.3.1 Nutrient that people already get plenty of
1.2.3.2 Provides energy and helps repair/build/maintain body tissues
1.2.3.2.1 Food sources include: Meats, eggs, poultry, dairy,nuts,legumes
1.2.3.2.2 Can't be stored so protein needs to be consumed through out the day
1.2.3.3 The 2 types include complete and incomplete
1.2.4 Fat
1.2.4.1 Helps the functionality of our nerves and brain, but you don't want too much. Just a healthy amount will do.
1.2.4.2 Food sources include butter, salad dressing,seeds, dairy products,etc.
1.2.4.3 Also needed for healthy skin, growth and energy
1.2.4.3.1 The types include:
1.2.4.3.1.1 Saturated
1.2.4.3.1.2 Polyunsaturated
1.2.4.3.1.3 Monounsaturated
1.2.5 Vitamins
1.2.5.1 Don't create energy, but they release energy from other nutrients.
1.2.6 Minerals
1.2.6.1 Help provide functions within the body
1.3 Fiber is indigestible but helps digestion for other items
1.3.1 Oatmeal,fruits,veggies,whole grains, legumes are some food sources
2 11 out of 9 Amino acids are provided within the human body. The other 9 need to be consumed from food sources
2.1 9 amino acids come from animal sources
2.2 The others come from plant sources
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