National Identity

Mind Map by , created almost 6 years ago

Mind Map on National Identity, created by issy_hinds on 12/06/2013.

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Created by issy_hinds almost 6 years ago
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1 Cillia et al (1999) contribution of those who make up nation important for defining it. When people consider national identity they think of cultural similarites and national boundaries. National culture (everyday ritual, national memories) can be thought of symbolic repository of what it is to be a member of that nation, a repository on which they can draw when they think of themselves in terms of the nation to which they belong i.e. what is is to be scottish
1.1 Is dynamic (changing) construction of national identity and occurs through discourse
1.1.1 Time, place, language, economy and culture forever changing and diverse. All these things affect how we define national identity.
2 DR not interested in exact definition, but in how participants themselves draw upon talk of time/place/culture or even just "nation" itself in order to construct/ maintain or challenge national identities as they appear in talk. And of course to understand social action behind.
3 Reicher and Hopkins (2001) key aspect is to understand how it is that we construct people in terms of whether they belong to our own nation. Discourse resources are flexible, people can draw upon it within particular contexts of discourse to make identity claims and pursue goals. British politicians will draw upon British identity for inclusivity of all nations but then produce characterizations that are related only to English concerns.
3.1 Billig (1995) to think of oneself in terms of 'national identity' involves thinking of others in terms of their different identities. Differentiating yourself in order to define yourself.
4 Condor et al (2006) talk about time can be deployed in talk about national idenity, interviewed 20 english people about nationality, participants displays talk of "history as a national possession", Britishness is constructed as hybrid assembly of people (we), place (island) and non-specific activities (things). Importance of 'culture' and 'identity' is not calculated in moral or aesthetic value, but it is rather measured against 'historical duration' ("go back hundreds of years"). Shared history and common characterisitcs important for national catetgorization
4.1 Attributes "our" potential loss of history to actions of national others "Brussel burecrat
5 Nations not just physical country, social identity or self-catergorization starts with assumption that societal objects such as nations or states viewed by people as human catergories
5.1 Nations may be understood as people, places or institutions. Gibson & Condor (2009) soldiers and civilians to talk about nation in relation to military service. Used terms 'british' and 'nation' as references to political institution rather than a category of people
6 Anderson (1983) claimed that nation can be considered to be an 'imagined community'
6.1 Wallwork & Dixon (2004) NI constructed in relation to an imagined place with a purpose. British identity associated with version of England as geographical space- countryside -hunting is way of life. 'Country' is "green fields" valuable, british people fought for it. Rhetorical imagined location invests fox hunting with national significance. Social action of this is that challenges to fox hunting is in fact challenge to British identity. Construction of nation is a rootedness in place rather than sterotypes.
7 Mckinlay & Mcvittie (2007) national idenity negotiation, immigration. Intertwining time and place in construction of NI. People left england for scottish island, sensitive to being viewed as 'incomer' rather than 'local'. Molly avoids claim of incomer by detailing her qualifications "been here for 14 years", geographical links to island and undermines claims of others who construct her otherwise "funny old person"
7.1 Complex constructions like this run side by side with much simpler way of talking about 'nation'. Billig (1995) Culturally understood notions allow us to view NI as a set of discursive talk and thinking which enable us to label ourselves as a nation. Banal nationalism (nationality as obvious no need to work up in talk), flags, coins, society,us,we. Simplify nationality because someones we need to, newpapers, politicians. Do not rely on it.

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