ISIS: Formation and Objectives

Yana S
Mind Map by Yana S, updated more than 1 year ago
Yana S
Created by Yana S over 4 years ago
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An overview of ISIS - history, reasons, perspectives
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ISIS: Formation and Objectives
1 Formation
1.1 Soviet Union Invasion of Afghanistan - 1979
1.1.1 Brought many Muslim foreign volunteers seeking to push out the "Godless invaders"
1.1.1.1 1988-1989: Now veterans - Aspired by the idea and their God in faith
1.1.1.1.1 Some of them formed Al-Quaeda
1.1.1.1.1.1 Continued fighting against dictators
1.2 2001: US invasion of Iraq - 3000 militants
1.2.1 Religious extremists rushed to help
1.2.1.1 IRAQ: war between Iraq's Sunni minority (rebels) and Shia majority
1.2.1.1.1 US supported Shia's army (now seen as big error!)
1.2.1.1.2 Iraq PM (al-Maliki) Government issues
1.2.1.1.2.1 Corruption
1.2.1.1.2.2 Privileges to Shia and marginalise Sunnis
1.2.1.1.2.2.1 2011-2012: Civil war
1.2.1.2 2004: Al-Zarqawi joins and forms Al-Quaeda in Iraq (AQI)
1.2.1.2.1 Many Sunnis turned against AQI because too violent
1.2.1.2.1.1 2006 Al-Zarqawi killed in US strike
1.2.1.2.2 AQI merged with other groups and new name: Islamic State of Iraq
1.2.1.2.2.1 In 2010 new leader became Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi
1.2.1.2.2.1.1 In 2013 during civil war: took over Jabhat al-Nusra's branch in Syria
1.2.1.2.2.1.1.1 Al-Quaeda and Jabhat al-Nusra rejected this info
1.2.1.2.2.1.1.1.1 Started competing
1.2.1.2.2.1.1.1.1.1 Formed ISIS
2 Objectives
2.1 Gain territory
2.1.1 Form a state (Iraqi and Syrian territory
2.1.1.1 Caliphate
2.1.1.1.1 Representing the entire Muslim community worldwide
2.1.1.1.1.1 For jihadists: Islam's glory
2.1.1.1.2 Caliph
2.1.1.1.2.1 Political-military figure
2.1.1.1.3 Restore the early Islamic empire and take over the world
2.2 Be self sufficient and sustained
2.2.1 Oil, thefts
2.3 Attract foreigners to fight rather than Syrian rebels
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