Which security implementation will provide control plane protection for a network device?
encryption for remote access connections
AAA for authenticating management access
routing protocol authentication
NTP for consistent timestamps on logging messages
What is the one major difference between local AAA authentication and using the login local command when configuring device access authentication?
Local AAA authentication provides a way to configure backup methods of authentication, but login local does not.
The login local command requires the administrator to manually configure the usernames and passwords, but local AAA authentication does not.
Local AAA authentication allows more than one user account to be configured, but login local does not.
The login local command uses local usernames and passwords stored on the router, but local AAA authentication does not.
Refer to the exhibit. A network administrator configures AAA authentication on R1. The administrator then tests the configuration by telneting to R1. The ACS servers are configured and running. What will happen if the authentication fails?
The enable secret password could be used in the next login attempt.
The authentication process stops.
The username and password of the local user database could be used in the next login attempt.
The enable secret password and a random username could be used in the next login attempt.
What are two tasks that can be accomplished with the Nmap and Zenmap network tools? (Choose two.)
identification of Layer 3 protocol support on hosts
TCP and UDP port scanning
validation of IT system configuration
Which Cisco IOS subcommand is used to compile an IPS signature into memory?
Why are DES keys considered weak keys?
They are more resource intensive.
DES weak keys use very long key sizes.
They produce identical subkeys.
DES weak keys are difficult to manage.
What is a benefit of using a next-generation firewall rather than a stateful firewall?
reactive protection against Internet attacks
granularity control within applications
support of TCP-based packet filtering
support for logging
What is a result of securing the Cisco IOS image using the Cisco IOS Resilient Configuration feature?
When the router boots up, the Cisco IOS image is loaded from a secured FTP location.
The Cisco IOS image file is not visible in the output of the show flash command.
The Cisco IOS image is encrypted and then automatically backed up to the NVRAM.
The Cisco IOS image is encrypted and then automatically backed up to a TFTP server.
The corporate security policy dictates that the traffic from the remote-access VPN clients must be separated between trusted traffic that is destined for the corporate subnets and untrusted traffic destined for the public Internet. Which VPN solution should be implemented to ensure compliance with the corporate policy?
Which two conditions must be met in order for a network administrator to be able to remotely manage multiple ASAs with Cisco ASDM? (Choose two.)
The ASAs must all be running the same ASDM version.
Each ASA must have the same enable secret password.
Each ASA must have the same master passphrase enabled.
The ASAs must be connected to each other through at least one inside interface.
ASDM must be run as a local application.
What is negotiated in the establishment of an IPsec tunnel between two IPsec hosts during IKE Phase 1?
ISAKMP SA policy
What are two benefits of using a ZPF rather than a Classic Firewall? (Choose two.)
ZPF allows interfaces to be placed into zones for IP inspection.
The ZPF is not dependent on ACLs.
Multiple inspection actions are used with ZPF.
ZPF policies are easy to read and troubleshoot.
With ZPF, the router will allow packets unless they are explicitly blocked.
Which security policy characteristic defines the purpose of standards?
step-by-step details regarding methods to deploy company switches
recommended best practices for placement of all company switches
required steps to ensure consistent configuration of all company switches
list of suggestions regarding how to quickly configure all company switches
What algorithm is used to provide data integrity of a message through the use of a calculated hash value?
On which port should Dynamic ARP Inspection (DAI) be configured on a switch?
an uplink port to another switch
on any port where DHCP snooping is disabled
any untrusted port
access ports only
What is a feature of a Cisco IOS Zone-Based Policy Firewall?
A router interface can belong to only one zone at a time.
Service policies are applied in interface configuration mode.
Router management interfaces must be manually assigned to the self zone.
The pass action works in multiple directions.
Refer to the exhibit. The administrator can ping the S0/0/1 interface of RouterB but is unable to gain Telnet access to the router by using the password cisco123. What is a possible cause of the problem?
aaa accounting connection start-stop group tacacs+
aaa accounting exec start-stop group tacacs+
A network administrator enters the single-connection command. What effect does this command have on AAA operation?
allows a new TCP session to be established for every authorization request
authorizes connections based on a list of IP addresses configured in an ACL on a Cisco ACS server
allows a Cisco ACS server to minimize delay by establishing persistent TCP connections
allows the device to establish only a single connection with the AAA-enabled server
Which two practices are associated with securing the features and performance of router operating systems? (Choose two.)
Install a UPS.
Keep a secure copy of router operating system images.
Configure the router with the maximum amount of memory possible.
Disable default router services that are not necessary.
Reduce the number of ports that can be used to access the router.
Which statement describes a characteristic of the IKE protocol?
It uses UDP port 500 to exchange IKE information between the security gateways.
IKE Phase 1 can be implemented in three different modes: main, aggressive, or quick.
It allows for the transmission of keys directly across a network.
The purpose of IKE Phase 2 is to negotiate a security association between two IKE peers.
Refer to the exhibit. If a network administrator is using ASDM to configure a site-to-site VPN between the CCNAS-ASA and R3, which IP address would the administrator use for the peer IP address textbox on the ASA if data traffic is to be encrypted between the two remote LANs?
Traffic that is sent from the LAN and the Internet to the DMZ is considered inbound.
Traffic that is sent from the DMZ and the Internet to the LAN is considered outbound.
Traffic that is sent from the LAN to the DMZ is considered inbound.
Traffic that is sent from the DMZ and the LAN to the Internet is considered outbound.
What two assurances does digital signing provide about code that is downloaded from the Internet? (Choose two.)
The code contains no errors.
The code contains no viruses.
The code has not been modified since it left the software publisher.
The code is authentic and is actually sourced by the publisher.
The code was encrypted with both a private and public key.
Which interface option could be set through ASDM for a Cisco ASA?
What are two characteristics of a stateful firewall? (Choose two.)
uses connection information maintained in a state table
uses static packet filtering techniques
analyzes traffic at Layers 3, 4 and 5 of the OSI model
uses complex ACLs which can be difficult to configure
prevents Layer 7 attacks
What are three characteristics of SIEM? (Choose three.)
can be implemented as software or as a service
Microsoft port scanning tool designed for Windows
examines logs and events from systems and applications to detect security threats
consolidates duplicate event data to minimize the volume of gathered data
uses penetration testing to determine most network vulnerabilities
provides real-time reporting for short-term security event analysis
Which type of traffic is subject to filtering on an ASA 5505 device?
public Internet to inside
public Internet to DMZ
inside to DMZ
DMZ to inside
Which IDS/IPS signature alarm will look for packets that are destined to or from a particular port?
Which three actions can the Cisco IOS Firewall IPS feature be configured to take when an intrusion activity is detected? (Choose three.)
reset UDP connection
reset TCP connection
Which two protocols can be selected using the Cisco AnyConnect VPN Wizard to protect the traffic inside a VPN tunnel? (Choose two.)
What is a characteristic of a role-based CLI view of router configuration?
When a superview is deleted, the associated CLI views are deleted.
A single CLI view can be shared within multiple superviews.
A CLI view has a command hierarchy, with higher and lower views.
Only a superview user can configure a new view and add or remove commands from the existing views.
[blank_start]Penetration testing[blank_end] Used to determine the possible consequences of successful attacks on the network.
[blank_start]Vulnerability scanning[blank_end] Used to find weaknesses and misconfigurations on network systems.
[blank_start]Network scanning[blank_end] Used to discover available resources on the network.
[blank_start]<blank>[blank_end] Used to detect and report changes made to systems
Which statement describes the use of certificate classes in the PKI?
A class 5 certificate is more trustworthy than a class 4 certificate.
Email security is provided by the vendor, not by a certificate.
The lower the class number, the more trusted the certificate.
A vendor must issue only one class of certificates when acting as a CA.
Refer to the exhibit. An administrator issues these IOS login enhancement commands to increase the security for login connections. What can be concluded about them?
Because the login delay command was not used, a one-minute delay between login attempts is assumed.
The hosts that are identified in the ACL will have access to the device.
The login block-for command permits the attacker to try 150 attempts before being stopped to try again.
These enhancements apply to all types of login connections.
A company deploys a Cisco ASA with the Cisco CWS connector enabled as the firewall on the border of corporate network. An employee on the internal network is accessing a public website. What should the employee do in order to make sure the web traffic is protected by the Cisco CWS?
Register the destination website on the Cisco ASA.
Use the Cisco AnyConnect Secure Mobility Client first.
Use a web browser to visit the destination website.
First visit a website that is located on a web server in the Cisco CWS infrastructure.
An administrator assigned a level of router access to the user ADMIN using the commands below.
Router(config)# privilege exec level 14 show ip route
Router(config)# enable algorithm-type scrypt secret level 14 cisco-level-10
Router(config)# username ADMIN privilege 14 algorithm-type scrypt secret cisco-level-10
Which two actions are permitted to the user ADMIN? (Choose two.)
The user can execute all subcommands under the show ip interfaces command.
The user can issue the show version command.
The user can only execute the subcommands under the show ip route command.
The user can issue all commands because this privilege level can execute all Cisco IOS commands.
The user can issue the ip route command.
What mechanism is used by an ASA 5505 device to allow inspected outbound traffic to return to the originating sender who is on an inside network?
Network Address Translation
access control lists
stateful packet inspection
Which two end points can be on the other side of an ASA site-to-site VPN configured using ASDM? (Choose two.)
Frame Relay switch
What Layer 2 attack is mitigated by disabling Dynamic Trunking Protocol?
In an AAA-enabled network, a user issues the configure terminal command from the privileged executive mode of operation. What AAA function is at work if this command is rejected?
An organization has configured an IPS solution to use atomic alerts. What type of response will occur when a signature is detected?
A counter starts and a summary alert is issued when the count reaches a preconfigured number.
The TCP connection is reset.
An alert is triggered each time a signature is detected.
The interface that triggered the alert is shutdown.
What two algorithms can be part of an IPsec policy to provide encryption and hashing to protect interesting traffic? (Choose two.)
A stateful signature is also known as a [blank_start]composite[blank_end] signature.
Why is hashing cryptographically stronger compared to a cyclical redundancy check (CRC)?
Hashes are never sent in plain text.
It is easy to generate data with the same CRC.
It is virtually impossible for two different sets of data to calculate the same hash output.
Hashing always uses a 128-bit digest, whereas a CRC can be variable length.
A network analyst wants to monitor the activity of all new interns. Which type of security testing would track when the interns sign on and sign off the network?
Refer to the exhibit. What two pieces of information can be gathered from the generated message? (Choose two.)
This message is a level five notification message.
This message indicates that service timestamps have been globally enabled.
This message indicates that enhanced security was configured on the vty ports.
This message appeared because a major error occurred that requires immediate action.
This message appeared because a minor error occurred that requires further investigation.
What is required for auto detection and negotiation of NAT when establishing a VPN link?
Both VPN end devices must be configured for NAT.
No ACLs can be applied on either VPN end device.
Both VPN end devices must be NAT-T capable.
Both VPN end devices must be using IPv6.
Refer to the exhibit. The network administrator is configuring the port security feature on switch SWC. The administrator issued the command show port-security interface fa 0/2 to verify the configuration. What can be concluded from the output that is shown? (Choose three.)